News:
image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
radio
Capitán Insurgente Marcos

Fourteenth Part and Second Approach Alert: The (other) Rule of the Excluded Third

Fourteenth Part and Second Approach Alert:
The (other) Rule of the Excluded Third

November 2023

The meeting was a year ago. One early morning in November. It was cold. Subcommander Insurgent Moisés arrived at the Captaincy chamber (yes, you are not wrong, by that time SupGaleano had already died, only his death had not been made public). The meeting with the bosses had ended late, and the SubMoy took time to stop by and ask me about what I had progressed in the analysis that had to be presented the next day at the assembly. The moon was moving lazily towards its first quarter and the world population reached 8 billion. Three notes appeared in my notebook:

The richest man in Mexico, Carlos Slim, to a group of students: “now, what I see for all of you is a buoyant Mexico with sustained growth, with many opportunities for job creation and economic activities” (November 10, 2022). (Note: perhaps he refers to Organized Crime as an economic activity that generates employment. And with export goods).

“(…) the number of people who are currently reported missing in Mexico, since 1964, now amounts to 107,201; that is, 7 thousand more than last May, when the 100 thousand threshold was exceeded. (November 7, 2022). (Note: Seek for the seekers).

In Israel, the UN set the number of Palestinian prisoners at around 5,000, including 160 children, according to the report by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967. Netanyahu takes over as head of the government for the third time. (November 2022). (Note: he who sows winds will reap storms).

-*-

A crack as a project.

It was not the first time we had discussed the topic. What’s more, during the last few moons it had been the constant: the diagnosis that would help the assembly make a decision about “what’s next.” They had also been discussing this for months, but the idea-proposal of Subcommander Insurgent Moisés had not landed jet, or materialized. It was still a kind of intuition.

«It’s not that all the doors are closed,» I began. – There are no doors. All those that appear as “true” do not lead anywhere other than to the starting point. Any attempted route is just a trip through a labyrinth that, at best, takes you back to the beginning. At worst, to disappearance.

So? SubMoy asked, lighting the umpteenth cigarette.

-Well, I think you’re right, all that remains is to open a crack. It’s not good to look elsewhere. You have to make a door. It’s going to take time, yes. And it’s going to cost a lot. But yes, it is possible. Although not just anyone. What you are thinking, no one, ever. I myself didn’t think I would get even to hear it – I pointed out.

SubMoy remained thoughtful for a while, looking at the floor of the champa, full of cigarette butts, tobacco residue from the pipe, a burnt match, wet mud, some broken twigs.

Then he got up and, heading to the door, he only said: «Well, there’s no way, we need to see… what’s missing is yet to come.»

-*-

Failure as a goal.

To understand what that brief dialogue meant, I must explain a part of my job as captain. In this case, a work that I inherited from the late SupGaleano, who in turn received it from the late SupMarcos.

A thankless, dark and painful task: foreseeing the Zapatista failure.

If you are considering an initiative, I look for everything that could make it fail, or, at least, reduce its impact. Look for the contradictory opposite. Let’s say something like “Marcos Contreras”. I am, therefore, the maximum and only representative of the “pessimistic wing” of Zapatismo.

The objective is to attack the initiatives with all types of objections from the moment they begin to be born. We suppose that this causes this proposal to be refined and consolidated, whether it be an internal organizational, or an external initiative, be it a combination of these two.

To put it clearly: Zapatismo prepares itself to fail. That is, it imagines the worst-case scenario. With that horizon in perspective, plans are drawn up and proposals detailed.

To conceive these “future failures”, the sciences that we have at our disposal are used. You have to look everywhere (and when I say “everywhere” I mean everywhere, including social networks and their bot farms, fake news and the tricks that are carried out to get “followers”), obtain the greatest amount of data and information, cross it and thus obtain the diagnosis of what the perfect storm would be and its result.

You must try to understand that it is not about building a certainty, but rather a terrible hypothesis. In terms of the deceased: “suppose everything goes to shit.” Contrary to what one may believe, this catastrophe does not include our disappearance, but something worse: the extinction of the human species. Well, at least as we conceive it today.

This catastrophe is imagined and we begin to look for data that confirms it. Real data, not the prophecies of Nostradamus or the biblical Apocalypse or equivalent. That is, scientific data. Scientific publications, financial data, trends, records of facts, and many publications are then used.

From this hypothetical future, the clock is set in reverse.

-*-

The rule of the excluded third.

Already in possession of the drawing of the collapse and its inevitability, the rule of the excluded third begins to work.

No, it is not the known one. This is an invention of the late SupMarcos. In his time as a lieutenant, he said that, in the event of a failure, a solution was first attempted; second, a correction; and third, since there was no third, it remained as “there is no remedy.” Later, he refined that rule until he reached the one that I now explain to you: if a hypothesis is supported by true data and scientific analysis, it is necessary to look for two elements that contradict the aforementioned hypothesis in its essence. If these two elements are found, the third is no longer sought, then the hypothesis must be reconsidered or confronted with the most severe judge: reality.

I clarify that, when the Zapatistas say “reality,” they include their actions in that reality. What you call “practice”.

I then apply that same rule. If I find at least 2 elements that contradict my hypothesis, then I abandon the search, discard that hypothesis and look for another one.

The complex hypothesis.

My hypothesis is: there is no solution.

Notes:

Balanced coexistence between humans and nature is now impossible. In the confrontation, the one who has the most time will win: nature. Capital has turned the relationship with nature into a confrontation, a war of plunder and destruction. The objective of this war is the annihilation of the opponent, nature in this case (humanity included). With the criterion of “planned obsolescence” (or “expected expiration”), the commodity “human beings” expires in each war.

The logic of capital is that of greater profit at maximum speed. This causes the system to become a gigantic waste machine, including human beings. In the storm, social relations are disrupted and unproductive capital throws millions into unemployment and, from there, into “alternative employment” in crime, and into migration. The destruction of territories includes depopulation. The “phenomenon” of migration is not the prelude to the catastrophe, it is its confirmation. Migration produces the effect of “nations within nations”, large migratory caravans colliding with walls made of concrete, of police, military walls; criminal walls, bureaucratic walls, racial and economic walls.

When we talk about migration, we forget the other migration that precedes it on the calendar. That of original populations in their own territories, now converted into merchandises. Have the Palestinian people not become migrants who must be expelled from their own land? Doesn’t the same thing happen with the indigenous peoples around the world?

In Mexico, for example, the native communities are the “strange enemy” that dares to “desecrate” the soil of the system’s farm, located between the Bravo and the Suchiate. To combat this “enemy” there are thousands of soldiers and police, megaprojects, buying of consciences, repression, disappearances, murders and a veritable factory of guilty people (cf. https://frayba.org.mx/). The murders of brother Samir Flores Soberanes and dozens of nature guardians define the current governmental project.

The “fear of the other” reaches levels of frank paranoia. Scarcity, poverty, misfortunes and crime are responsible for a system, but now the blame is transferred to the migrant who must be fought until annihilated.

In “politics” alternatives and offers are offered, each one falser than the next. New cults, nationalisms – new, old or recycled -, the new religion of social networks and its neo prophets: the “influencers”. And war, always war.

The crisis of politics is the crisis of alternatives to chaos. The frenetic succession in governments of right wing, extreme right wing, the non-existent center, and what is presumptuously called «left», is only a reflection of a changing market: if there are new models of cell phones, why not «new” political options?

Nation-States become customs agents of capital. There are no governments, there is only one Border Patrol with different colors and different flags. The dispute between the “Fat State” and the “Starving State” is just a failed concealment of its original nature: repression.

Capital begins to replace neoliberalism as a theoretical-ideological alibi, with its logical consequence: neo-Malthusianism. That is, the war of annihilation of large populations to achieve the well-being of modern society. War is not an irregularity of the machine, it is the “regular maintenance” that will ensure its operation and duration. The radical reduction in demand to compensate for supply limitations.

It would not be about social neo-Darwinism (the strong and rich become stronger and richer, and the weak and poor become weaker and poorer), or Eugenics, which was one of the ideological alibis for the Nazi war of extermination of the Jewish people. Or not only. It would be a global campaign to annihilate the majority population of the world: the dispossessed. Dispossess them of life too. If the planet’s resources are not sufficient and there is no spare planet (or it has not been found yet, although they are working on it), then it is necessary to drastically reduce the population. Shrink the planet through depopulation and reorganization, not only of certain territories, but of the entire world. A Nakba for the entire planet.

If the house can no longer be expanded nor is it feasible to add more floors; if the inhabitants of the basement want to go up to the ground floor, raid the cupboard, and, horror!, they do not stop reproducing; if “ecological paradises” or “self-sustaining” (in reality they are just “panic rooms” of capital) are not enough; if those on the first floor want the rooms on the second and so on; in short, if “modern civilization” and its core (private ownership of the means of production, circulation and consumption), is in danger; well, then you have to expel tenants – starting with those in the basement – until “balance” is achieved.

If the planet is depleted of resources and territories, a kind of «diet» follows to reduce the obesity of the planet. Searching for another planet is having unforeseen difficulties. A space race is foreseeable, but its success is still a very big unknown. Wars, on the other hand, have demonstrated their “effectiveness.”

The conquest of territories brought the exponential growth of the «surplus», «excluded», or «expendable». The wars over distribution continue. Wars have a double advantage: they revive war production and its subsidiaries, and eliminate those surpluses in an expeditious and irremediable manner.

Nationalisms will not only re-emerge or have new breath (hence the coming and going of far-right political offers), they are the necessary spiritual basis for wars. “The person responsible for your shortcomings is whoever is next to you. That’s why your team loses.» The logic of the “cliques”, “gangs” and “hooligans” -national, racial, religious, political, ideological, gender-, encouraging medium, large and small wars in size, but with the same objective of purification.

Ergo: capitalism does not expire, it only transforms.

The Nation-State long ago stopped fulfilling its function as a territory-government-population with common characteristics (language, currency, legal system, culture, etc.). National States are now the military positions of a single army, that of the capital cartel. In the current global crime system, governments are the “Jefes de plaza” that maintain control of a territory. The political fight, electoral or not, is to see who is promoted to head of the plaza. The “cobro de piso” is through taxes and budgets for campaigns and the electoral process. Disorganized crime thus finances its reproduction, although its inability to offer its subjects security and justice is increasingly evident. In modern politics, the heads of national cartels are decided by elections.

A new society does not emerge from this bundle of contradictions. The catastrophe is not followed by the end of the capitalist system, but by a different form of its predatory character. The future of capital is the same as its patriarchal past and presents: exploitation, repression, dispossession and contempt. For every crisis, the system always has a war at hand to solve that crisis. Therefore: it is not possible to outline or build an alternative to collapse beyond our own survival as indigenous communities.

The majority of the population does not see or does not believe the catastrophe is possible. Capital has managed to instill immediatism and denialism in the basic cultural code of those below.

Beyond some native communities, peoples in resistance and some groups and collectives, it is not possible to build an alternative that goes beyond the local minimum.

The prevalence of the notion of the Nation-State in the imaginary below is an obstacle. It keeps struggles separate, isolated, fragmented. The borders that separate them are not only geographical.

-*-

The Contradictions.

Notes:

First series of contradictions:

The struggle of the brothers from the Cholulteca region against the Bonafont company, in Puebla, Mexico (2021-2022). Seeing that their springs were drying up, the residents turned to look at the person responsible: the Bonafont company, from Danone. They organized and took over the bottling plant. The springs were recovered and water and life returned to their lands. Nature thus responded to the action of its defenders and confirmed what the peasants said: the company deprecated water. The repressive force that evicted them, after a time, could not hide the reality: the people defended life, and the company and the government defended death. Mother Earth responded to the question like this: there is a remedy, I correspond with life to those who defend my existence; we can coexist if we respect and care for each other.

The pandemic (2020). The animals recovered their position in some abandoned urban territories, although it was momentary. The water, the air, the flora and fauna had a break and remade themselves, although they were once again overwhelmed in a short time. They thus indicated who the invader was.

The Journey for Life (2021). In the East, that is, in Europe, there are examples of resistance to destruction and, above all, of building another relationship with Mother Earth. The reports, stories and anecdotes are too many for these notes, but they confirm that the reality there is not only that of xenophobia and the idiocy and petulance of their governments. We hope to find similar efforts in other geographies.

Therefore: balanced coexistence with nature is possible. There must be more examples of this. Note: look for more data, review the Extemporánea reports again upon returning from the Journey for Life – Europe Chapter, what did they see at and what did they learn, follow the actions of the CNI and other organizations and movements of sister indigenous peoples in the World. Pay attention to alternatives in urban areas.

Partial conclusion: the contradictions detected put one of the premises of the complex hypothesis in crisis, but not yet the essence. The so-called “green capitalism” could well absorb or supplant these resistances.

Second series of contradictions:

The existence and persistence of the Sixth and the people, groups, collectives, teams, organizations, movements united in the Declaration for Life. And many more people in many places. There are those who resist and rebel, and try to find themselves. But it is necessary to search. And that is what the Seekers teach us: seeking is a necessary, urgent, vital struggle. With everything against them, they cling to the remotest hope.

Partial conclusion: the mere possibility, minimal, tiny, improbable up to a ridiculous percentage, that resistance and rebellion coincide, makes the machine stumble. It is not its destruction, it is true. Not yet. The scarlet witches will be decisive.

The percentage probability of the triumph of life over death is ridiculous, yes. Then there are options: resignation, cynicism, the cult of the immediate (“carpe diem” as vital support).

And yet, there are those who defy walls, borders, rules… and the law of probabilities.

Third series of contradictions: Not necessary. The Excluded Third Rule applies.

General conclusion: therefore, another hypothesis must be raised.

-*-

Ah! Did you think that the initiative or step that the Zapatista people announced was the disappearance of MAREZ and JBG, the inversion of the pyramid and the birth of the GAL?

Well, I’m sorry to ruin your peace of mind. It is not so. Go back to before the so-called “Fist Part” and the discussion about the motives of wolves and shepherds. Already there? Now put this:

Permissu et gratia a praelatis dico vobis visiones mirabiles et terribiles quas oculi mei in his terris viderunt. 30 Anno Resistentise, et prima luce diei viderunt imagines et sonos, quod nunquam antea viderant, et tamen litteras meas semper intuebantur.  Manus scribit et cor dictat.  Erat mane et supra, cicadae et stellae pugnabant pro terra…

With the permission and grace of the superiors I tell you the wonderful and terrible visions which my eyes have seen in these lands. In the year 30 of the resistance, and at the first light of the day they saw images and sounds which they had never seen before, and yet they always looked at my letters. The hand writes and the heart dictates. It was dawn and above, crickets and starlings were fighting for the land…

The Captain.

He did not appear then because you did not know about the death of SupGaleano, nor about the other necessary deaths. But that’s how we Zapatistas are: what we keep silent about is always more than what we say. As if we were determined to design a puzzle that is always unfinished, always with a pending piece, always with that extemporaneous question: what about you?

From the mountains of the Mexican southeast.

The Captain.

40, 30, 20, 10, 2, 1 year later.

P.S.- So what is missing? Well… what’s missing is yet to come.

radio
Comunidad de Buena vista, municipio San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero, México y pueblos originarios de Guerrero

(Español) Comunicado de la comunidad de Buena Vista en exigencia de atención de sus demandas

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

LIC. ANDRES MANUEL LOPEZ OBRADOR
PRESIDENTE DE MEXICO

Los pueblos amuzgo, Ñu savii, Me´phaa, Nahua, Ñomdaá Afromexicano y Mestizo, como personas campesinas e indígenas, somos quienes nos encontramos bloqueando la las carretera de puente de Marquelia Pinotepa, hasta que se presente las autoridades competentes y den solución a nuestras justas y legales demandas, como es el actuar de todos los gobiernos hemos sido olvidados por el gobierno actual de Guerrero, siguen queriéndonos tratar como si no existiéramos, vulneran nuestros derechos humanos, permitiendo así toda clase de abusos por parte de los grupos de la delincuencia organizada, sufriendo asesinatos, desaparición forzada, tortura, desplazamiento, cobros de piso y así podríamos enunciar muchos más.

Para demostrar que existimos y resistimos, hemos decidido permanecer en este bloqueo, para que no se le olvide quienes somos, para que haga el trabajo del cargo que ocupan y atienden nuestras demandas, ya hemos agotado otras vías sufriendo burlas y desprecio por parte de las autoridades, es por eso que escalamos a usted nuestras exigencias sabiendo que tiene la capacidad de resolver y esperando tenga la voluntad para ello, nosotros los que estamos en este bloqueo somos autoridades agrarias de diferentes regiones, no somos delincuentes, exigimos como derecho inalienable se nos de acceso a la justicia, educación, salud, servicios básicos para una vida digna, NO tendríamos la necesidad de encontrarnos en este momento realizando este tipo de manifestaciones si fueran atendidas nuestra demandas.

Es por esta razón que hacemos de su conocimiento presidente de México, que la Gobernadora de Guerrero Evelyn Cecia Salgado Pineda y su administración
miente cuando dice que Guerrero va caminando hacia adelante, es totalmente falso.

Exigimos que usted como autoridad federal ordene que sean atendidas nuestras denuncias y demandas de los pueblos y se esclarezca el asesinato del
dirigente indígena y luchador social BRUNO PLACIDO VALERIO y su acompañante ABAD RUIZ GARCIA, quienes fueron asesinados en la secretaria de Salud en Chilpancingo.

¡EXIGIMOS SE RESPETEN NUESTROS DERECHOS HUMANOS!
¡EXIGIMOS UNA VIDA DIGNA!
¡EXIGIMOS ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA!

EXIGIMOS LA PRENCIENCIAS
DE LA AUTORIDAD COMPETENTE QUE SEA CAPAZ DE RESOLVER!
¡VIVA LUCIO CABAÑAS!
¡VIVA GENARO VAZQUEZ!
¡VIVA EL CONGRESO NACIONAL INDIGENA!
¡VIVA EL EJERCITO ZAPATISTA DE LIBERACION NACIONAL!
¡EXIGIMOS JUSTICIA PARA BRUNO PLACIDO VALERIO Y ABAD
RUIZ GARCIA!

ATENTAMENTE
Comunidad de Buena vista, municipio San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero, México y pueblos originarios de Guerrero.

radio
Avispa Midia

(Español) Se registran 768 agresiones contra defensoras de derechos de las mujeres en Mesoamérica

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Fuente: Avispa Midia

Por Sare Frabes

En 2022 se cometieron al menos 768 agresiones contra 131 defensoras y 41 organizaciones que defienden el derecho de las mujeres en El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México y Nicaragua. Tres de estas defensoras fueron asesinadas: Grisell Pérez Rivera y Jasibhe Natalie Díaz Morales en México, y Nesly Consuegra Monterroso en Guatemala. Los datos son del registro mesoamericano de agresiones contra defensoras de la Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Mujeres Defensoras de Derechos Humanos (IM-Defensoras), organización que articula a casi 3 mil defensoras y 300 organizaciones en Mesoamérica.

La mayoría de estas agresiones, 500, tuvieron carácter colectivo, frente a las 154 que estuvieron dirigidas contra defensoras a nivel personal y 112 contra organizaciones o grupos. Alrededor de 56% de las agresiones se dieron en el espacio público, principalmente en la calle. Una de cada diez se perpetró a través de medios virtuales o electrónicos como redes sociales, teléfonos, correos electrónicos o aplicaciones de mensajería de texto.

Los Estados aparecen como los principales agresores de las defensoras, siendo identificados como responsables en más de la mitad de las agresiones (56,1%) a través de fuerzas de seguridad y autoridades públicas de diferentes niveles. Por otro lado, uno de cada cinco perpetradores (20%) es desconocido, ya sea porque no se identifica a la persona que realiza la agresión directa presencial o porque se trata de un usuario virtual desconocido.

Las defensoras y sus organizaciones son quienes acompañan a las víctimas de la violencia machista, quienes denuncian ante las autoridades y la opinión pública, quienes llevan a cabo campañas de prevención y proporcionan albergue y protección para las mujeres y sus hijos, hijas e hijes, entre muchas otras acciones.

Para la IM-Defensoras, reconocer la importancia de su trabajo, así como garantizar que puedan manifestarse en las calles y ejercer su labor sin limitaciones y de manera segura, es urgente y vital en un contexto como el mesoamericano, donde la violencia contra las mujeres está generalizada y normalizada y donde existe una de las tasas de feminicidios y de impunidad más altas del planeta.

En los países

En México, la IM-Defensoras documentó un total de 519 agresiones contra 91 defensoras y 5 organizaciones. La mayor parte de las agresiones se dieron en acciones colectivas como las manifestaciones feministas. Adicionalmente se registraron 23 casos de abuso sexual durante acciones colectivas. La Policía aparece como la principal responsable de las agresiones en este país, 38%.

En Nicaragua, se documentaron 155 agresiones contra 17 defensoras y 35 organizaciones.  Más de la mitad de estas agresiones fueron perpetradas por autoridades públicas, 58%. Sólo en 2022, las autoridades de este país cancelaron la identidad jurídica de 30 organizaciones sociales que trabajan por los derechos de las mujeres y niñas.

En Honduras, sedocumentó 70 agresiones contra 15 defensoras. Casi la mitad de las agresiones, 47%, fueron perpetradas por una persona denunciada previamente por la defensora, o el/la abogada o personas que respalda a dicha persona.

En El Salvador, las agresiones documentadas, 14, fueron en su mayoría de carácter colectivo y dirigida a organizaciones. Los usuarios virtuales desconocidos fueron los principales agresores, seguidos de instituciones del Estado.

radio
Avispa Midia

(Español) Huellas de la devastación en la ruta del Tren Maya

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Fuente: Avispa Midia

Foto del avance del Tren Maya por campeche, por Santiago Navarro F

Entre los meses de junio y julio de este año 2023 un equipo de Avispa Mídia recorrió parte de sur-sureste de México para documentar el avance de las obras del Tren Maya.

En esta travesía pudo identificar que hay tramos más avanzados que otros y comunidades más impactadas que otras. A continuación, presentamos un corto documental con testimonios que fueron recogidos en el trayecto.

radio
Comunidad de Buena vista, municipio San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero, México y pueblos originarios de Guerrero

(Español) Bloqueo de la comunidad de Buena Vista en exigencia de Justicia, Alto a los crímenes cometidos en las comunidades indígenas y en todo el pueblo de Guerrero

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

AL PUEBLO DE MÉXICO
AL PUEBLO DE GUERRERO
AL CONGRESO NACIONAL E INDÍGENA.
AL EJERCITO ZAPATISTA DE LIBERACION NACIONAL
A LAS ORGANIZACIONES SOCIALES
A LAS ORGANIZACIONES DEFENSORAS DE DERECHOS HUMANOS.
A LA RED DE RESISTENCIAS DE LOS PUEBLOS
A ORGANISMO INTERNACIONAL DEFENSORES DE DERECHOS HUMANOS
A LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN LIBRES E INDEPENDIENTES.

La lucha de los pueblos indígenas de Guerrero se remonta a 533 años de resistencias, nosotros como pueblos originarios históricamente hemos sido explotados, olvidados, marginados, discriminados, es de recordar la Guerra Sucia que libro el Gobierno Federal en contra de los movimientos sociales y lideres campesinos los maestros Genaro Vázquez Rojas y Lucio Cabaña Barrientos, los cuales visibilizaron las condiciones en que siempre estado sometidos, lucharon por la justicia social y los derechos humanos, motivo por el cual los asesinaron.

Las condiciones en las que vivimos actualmente no han cambiado, por el contrario, ahora somos asediados no solo por el gobierno, sino también por los grupos Narco paramilitares como los Ardillos, los cuales asesinan, desaparecen periodistas maestros, comerciantes, doctores, jóvenes, estudiantes campesinos, todo con complicidad del Estado, trabajan en las regiones de la montaña alta, montaña baja, costa chica, costa grande.

A falta de la seguridad que debería garantizar el estado, en 1995 se crearon las policías comunitarias encargadas de brindar la seguridad interna dentro de nuestros territorios y comunidades, somos producto de la resistencia ante los malos gobiernos.

Es así como nos encontramos en resistencia y defensa de nuestro territorio, agua y de la vida, esta lucha es por todas las carencias que tenemos, falta médicos, maestros, centros de salud, alimentación, educación, seguridad, justicia, democracia y libertad. Como pueblos originarios construimos nuestra autonomía, realizando denuncias de las violaciones de derechos humanos así como los crímenes que se comenten en nuestras comunidades, esto no ha llevado a perder la vida, nos asesinan, nos desaparecen, estamos en un estado de ingobernabilidad, el cuales muy visible para el mal gobierno autodenominado 4T, ya que ellos están coludidos con la delincuencia organizada, permitiendo todas las violaciones de derechos humanos y de Derechos de los pueblos indígenas. No respetan nuestra constitución el articulo 2 y 39, su obligación a la que se comprometieron al firmar y ratificar Tratados Internacionales, como ejemplo el Convenio 169 Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), en el cual se establece que los “…pueblos indígenas y deberán gozar plenamente de los derechos humanos y libertades fundamentales, sin obstáculos ni discriminación…”

Al presidente de la república Andrés Manuel López Obrador solo le interesa no perder su popularidad en las aproximas elecciones presidenciales, prestando oídos sordos a nuestras exigencias de justician y alto a los crímenes cometidos en nuestra contra.

Queremos hacer especial énfasis en la Policías Municipal, Policía Estatal, Guardia Nacional y Ejercito, aquí en Guerrero, los cuales no sirven de nada para brindarnos seguridad, solo sirven de operadores de los grupos del narcotráfico, filtrando información para ser blanco fácil de estos grupos delincuenciales.

Tal es el caso del dirigente indígena y luchador social BRUNO PLACIDO VALERIO y su acompañante ABAD RUIZ GARCIA, quienes fueron asesinados en la secretaria de Salud en Chilpancingo, siendo esta una institución de gobierno que debía estar vigilada y casualmente no se encontraba ningún elemento, la fiscalía a sido omisa en dar seguimiento a la carpeta de investigación, dejando en claro que no le interesa el esclarecimiento de los asesinatos, ni dar con los autores intelectuales.

Exigimos justicia ante estos asesinatos, quien fuera un luchador social, fundador del sistema comunitario de la costa chica, fundador de la policía comunitaria, conjuntamente con CIRINO PLÁCIDO VALERIO, PADRE MARIO CAMPO, fundadores de la CRAC-PC en la costa chica montaña y otro compañeros; durante su activismo gestionó obra para las comunidades, luchado por falta de maestro, de hospitales, de médico, y de la necesidades en que vivía el pueblo y todo eso lo costó la vida, por parte del crimen organizado y el estado.

El presidente de la república se presenta, entregando obras de iniciativa privada, evadiendo las principales problemáticas que sufre Guerrero, es por eso por lo que le decimos señor presidente, que no nos vamos a callar, no permitiremos mas desapariciones, asesinatos, desplazamientos forzados, inseguridad y complicidad de las autoridades.

Llamamos a todos los pueblos originarios organizarse, nosotros como pueblos, amuzgo, Ñu savii, Me´phaa, Nahua, Ñomdaá Afromexicano y Mestizo, este lunes 27 de noviembre vamos alzar la voz, exigir justicia, alto a los crímenes cometidos en las comunidades indígenas y en todo el pueblo de Guerrero, alto a los asesinatos de periodistas, defensores de derechos humanos, alto al cobro de cuotas, basta de asesinatos a lideres campesinos, que alzan la voz para defender los derechos arrebatados.

Así también exigimos un alto a la inseguridad y violencia que se vive en todas las regiones de Guerrero, hacemos un llamado a las comunidades aledañas, costa chica, costa montaña, montaña alta, montaña baja, a las organizaciones sociales y defensoras de derechos humanos, así como aquellas personas que sientan la necesidad de parar este estado de guerra en el que actualmente vivimos, se sumen al movimiento, que se organicen, dejemos en claro a todas las autoridades que ya estamos hartos de sus mentiras, de sus burlas, de su falta de interés para las comunidades indígenas y la población en general. Ya que son muchos los asesinados por el crimen organizado en Guerrero sin tener respuesta alguna por parte de la fiscalía y su ineficiencia.

Por lo tanto, les informamos que iniciamos un bloqueo desde hoy, 27 de noviembre y cerraremos las carreteras de puente de Marquelia Pinotepa y Acapulco indefinidamente hasta que se presenten las autoridades competentes.

ATENTAMENTE
Comunidad de Buena vista, municipio San Luis Acatlán, Guerrero,
México y pueblos originarios de Guerrero.

¡VIVA LUCIO CABAÑAS!
¡VIVA GENARO VAZQUEZ!
¡VIVA EL CONGRESO NACIONAL INDIGENA!
¡VIVA EL EJERCITO ZAPATISTA DE LIBERACION NACIONAL!

EXIGIMOS JUSTICIA PARA BRUNO PLACIDO VALERIO Y
ABAD RUIZ GARCIA!
¡JUSTICIA!
¡JUSTICIA!
¡JUSTICIA!

radio
Pie de Página

(Español) Asesinan al defensor Higinio Trinidad de la Cruz. Se oponía a la megaminería en la Sierra de Manantlán

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Higinio fue citado en la presidencia municipal de Cuautitlán García Barragán. Entró pero ya no salió. Un día después hallaron su cuerpo. Dos años antes fue asesinado su compañero José Isaac Santos, en circunstancias parecidas. En una década se acumulan decenas de casos de violencia vinculados al crimen organizado y la megaminería

Texto: Lydiette Carrión

Foto: Cortesía

GUADALAJARA.- Este 25 de noviembre, el defensor de derechos humanos, Higinio Trinidad de la Cruz, fue hallado sin vida, tras 24 horas de ser probable víctima de desaparición forzada. Higinio era un opositor activo a la minería ilegal y a la megaminería (ésta última impulsada por empresas trasnacionales) en la sierra de Manantlán, entre los límites de Jalisco y Colima. Además de promovía la democratización del ejido y la reivindicación de los pueblos indígenas.

Era beneficiario del mecanismo de protección de personas defensoras de derechos humanos y periodistas del gobierno de la República, además de ser  Consejero de la Comisión Estatal Indígena del Estado de Jalisco.

El pasado  24 de noviembre, Higinio fue citado en la presidencia municipal de Cuautitlán, por la mañana. A las 11 de la mañana Higinio entró efectivamente a la presidencia municipal pero no volvió a salir, según fuentes cercanas. Por la noche se dio aviso a diversas organizaciones de derechos humanos para emitir una alerta temprana. Pero al día siguiente, el 25 de noviembre a las 13:36, personas de la comunidad hallaron su cuerpo.

La noticia la dio a conocer la organización d e defensa de los Derechos Humanos Tsikini, quienes dan seguimiento al caso.

No fue la primera vez que Higinio Cruz era víctima de desaparición forzada. En mayo de 2022, encapuchados vestidos de uniforme privaron de su libertad a él y a otro compañero, Javier Elías Flores. Esto, poco después de que su amigo y compañero Isaac Santos Chávez fuera probable víctima de desaparición forzada y ejecución extrajudicial, en abril de 2022.

Esta reportera entrevistó a Higinio en febrero de 2023, en el contexto de un reportaje amplio sobre la violencia en la sierra de Manantlán, y en específico la falta de investigación respecto a la probable ejecución extrajudicial de su amigo y colaborador Isaac Santos Chávez. Sin embargo, en aquel momento se determinó guardar la identidad de los entrevistados.

En ese entonces, José Santos Isaac contendía para ser comisariado ejidal del ejido de Ayotitlán, en Jalisco. Había cuestionado públicamente los procedimientos de la Minera Peña Colorada, trasnacional que renta varias hectáreas al ejido de Ayotitlán.

En la entrevista referida, Higinio Cruz confirmó que la desaparición forzada y tortura de la que fue víctima en  mayo de 2022 tuvo la finalidad de intimidarlos tras la muerte de su compañero Isaac. Querían que dejaran de exigir la democratización del ejido, y de cuestionar los acuerdos con la minera. Los agresores interrogaron y amenazaron a Higinio y a Elías durante horas. Al final, los retenidos fueron liberados gracias a la enorme presión internacional que ejercieron organizaciones de derechos humanos internacionales.

También, Higinio dio detalles sobre cómo se llevaron a Isaac en abril de 2022, cuando éste contendía por un cargo en la presidencia municipal. Explicó que la noche del 3 de abril de 2022, entre 8 y 10 hombres que dijeron ser “del gobierno” llegaron a la casa de Santos en Telcruz, municipio de Ayotitlán. Golpearon a su esposa y a un niño, por lo que Santos salió de su escondite (ya temía que fueran por él) y se fue con ellos. Los captores todavía dijeron con cinismo: “Al rato se lo regresamos”. Unos días después fue hallado sin vida en el fondo de una barranca, en su camioneta, con huellas de tortura.

Finalmente, Higinio narró parte de sus demandas de aquel entonces:

–Solicitamos medidas cautelares a la Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos. La nacional, la estatal no, hemos pedido su ayuda y no hace nada.

–¿Qué más exigen?

–Que el homicidio de Santos, hasta ahora no lo han investigado. Lo tratan como  cualquier  homicidio,  cuando él estaba peleando las hectáreas [a la minera a cielo abierto Peña Colorada].  Y aparte de las hectáreas, estaba peleando una indemnización multimillonaria.

–¿Sobre la elección?

–Que nos otorguen medidas cautelares a los candidatos de la nueva mesa directiva. Evidentemente quienes vayan a ser no van a poder venir a vivir aquí. Lo segundo que buscamos es acudir a la CNDH, porque la estatal, desde los últimos años, desde que llegó Barrón, no hace nada. Solamente sirven para hacer minutas.

“¿Puede creer que la comisión estatal pretendía hacer un acuerdo conciliatorio? ¿Cómo vamos a negociar con el CJNG o con el dueño [de la minera Peña Colorada] que tiene sus oficinas en Palermo–Italia?

“Finalmente, que se aperture la causa penal del homicidio de Santos y que lo atraiga la FGR en aras de que se pueda establecer la ley en esta región. Pensamos que sí participaron elementos de la fiscalía del estado o la policía municipal. Lo debe atraer la FGR. Queremos entablar un juicio contra esta empresa minera y presionar al senado.”

En aquella misma entrevista, ya fuera de grabadora, Higinio expresó su cansancio por buscar traer legalidad a la sierra de Manantlán, y específicamente al municipio de Ayotitlán.

Celedonio

Isaac no fue el primer compañero de lucha que le mataron a Higinio en la sierra de Manantlán. En 2012, Higinio trabajaba con Celedonio Monroy Prudencio, activista, interesado en mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población. Junto con Higinio y otros más, impulsaban una organización para llevar ayuda agrícola a los pobladores indígenas, educación, servicios. La noche en la que se llevaron a Celedonio, varios hombres armados, “vestidos de gobierno, como militares”,  llegaron en dos camionetas al domicilio de aquél, en Loma Colorada, Cuautitlán. Golpearon a su esposa, y destrozaron  la vivienda; luego acusaron al activista de “tener armas” y se lo llevaron. No se le ha vuelto a ver desde entonces.

Celedonio tenía 37 años cuando fue víctima de desaparición forzada. Con esfuerzos de sus familiares logró estudiar la licenciatura de Administración Pública, en Colima. Era un joven muy destacado y comprometido con su pueblo, al que quiso regresar para  ayudar.

Celedonio e  Higinio tenían una organización llamada Pro México Nueva Ruralidad A.C, mediante la cual buscaban bajar recursos federales a su comunidad. Sin embargo, esto había ocasionado pugnas con caciques locales afiliados al PRI.

radio
Capitán Insurgente Marcos

Thirteenth Part: TWO FOOTBALL GAMES AND THE SAME REBELLION

Thirteenth Part: TWO FOOTBALL GAMES AND THE SAME REBELLION.

“Football is the continuation of politics by other means.”
Don Durito de La Lacandona (“DD”, for legal purposes).

November 2023

I.- Eve of the Journey for Life – Europe chapter.

A football challenge has been received from a European women’s team that resists and fights.

SupGaleano has appointed himself “technical director” of the “Ixchel – Ramona” team, made up of militiawomen. As it should be, the Sup has studied the rival team. He gathers the compañeras who will make the trip. Analyzes in detail the skills and characteristics of each of the players. He goes to Subcommander Moisés and gives his diagnosis: “they are going to tear us into pieces.” SubMoy looks at it with a “so?” face, as if taking it for granted. But the now deceased has not finished: “But I have a secret plan, as Dení says. With that we will revolutionize football and redefine it in its essence: the game.”

Subcommander Insurgent Moisés, coordinator of the tour, is quite busy with the preparation courses, birth certificates, passports and the design of the route to follow, so he leaves SupGaleano to proceed “at his discretion.” The future deceased smiles and says: “Discretion is my second last name” (don’t ask me what his first last name was because it would take several pages to explain it to you).

The deceased in the making begins the preparation of the women’s team. But, for his strategy to be successful, he needs the support of the fearsome, terrible and terrifying “Popcorn Commando”, which, at that moment, is trying to open a hole in the training ship in which the so-called “Squadron 421” was prepared. Disillusioned because, before finishing the work below the waterline, the ship had been transformed into an imposing two-engine plane, they went to consult with SupGaleano what they could do to set the aircraft on fire. The Sup convinced them that it was not advisable to burn it, that it was better to wait until it was in full flight to shoot it down from within. The beloved Amado and Chinto objected: if the plane falls, Commando Palomitas will also fall. The Sup responded that it was not the time to dwell on trifles. Furthermore, the Command was required for a higher task, than sabotaging an air trip that did not even complete the payment for the tickets, not to mention the lack of passports, and that the majority of the so-called “Division Aerotransportada La Extemporánea” was getting dizzy in the truck.

When the Popcorn Commando, the Sup, Tzotz, Tragón and Pelusa met in the ultra-secret bunker that is in the Puy platform of the Tzotz Choj area, they proceeded to refine the details of what, from then on, would be known worldwide as the “Brilliant and Excellent Plan to Defeat a Rival Better Prepared, Trained and Equipped than Us” (BEPDRMPEEN, for its acronym in Spanish), subtitle “And that they have better technique and control of the ball.”

The top secret meeting continued its normal course. That is to say, Chuy took away Lupita’s chamoy lollypop, Verónica gave Chuy a slap and, as if it were the Supreme Government, she kept Chuy’s lollypop, Lupita’s and her own. El Chinto and the beloved Amado insisted that their bicycles had broken down “just like that” and that the Monarch had to fix them. Pelusa, Tragón and Tzotz looked at the table looking for cookies, and Sup gave a master class on “How to win a soccer game with everything against you.”

The apparent chaos subsided when the Sup took out, from who knows where, a box of “Choki The Devil’s Cookie”, and only then – after 5 packages had been dispatched – the missions were distributed, the schedule was made, and they stuffed themselves with the sixth package “in honor of the future fallen men.” “And women,” Chuy felt obliged to add, only to receive from Verónica another zap model “gender equality does not apply in misfortune.” Lupita approved the action with the chamoy lollypop that Sup gave her so she wouldn’t continue crying.

The “three times T” Popcorn Command, the Sup and the canine wing of the command then went to the hotbed and, with the militia members gathered, the new “passive-aggressive” scheme was explained and practiced, which, as it should be, had in a leading role the aforementioned Command.

Following the old and proven Zapatista rule of “Do not play with the enemy’s rules”, the Sup developed a kind of mixture of rugby, with nineteenth-century dramaturgy, with some Anime, with cinema very much like Hollywood corner with Cannes, with Monet’s impressionism, a pinch of Allan Poe crossed with Conan Doyle, something of Cervantes’ epic, the brevity of Joyce, the perspective of Buñuel, a pinch of Brecht mixed with Beckett, the seasoning of some tacos al pastor, a very rebajada cumbia, Anita Tijoux and Shadia Mansour breaking borders -free Palestine-, and, well, I didn’t take note of everything, but the only thing missing was the ball.

The strategy in question had 3 phases:

The first was that Verónica grabbed a Zapatista doll and headed determinedly towards the opposing goal, she stood in front of the enemy goalkeeper and spoke to her in Cho’ol. The goalkeeper, of course, world not understand anything, but there stood Lupita and Esperanza Zapatista who would translate with signs that the girl was giving her the doll. And Esperanza, as her name indicates, offered to take a photo with the girl and the doll. For the photo, they should tell the goaly to put the ball down, because Verónica wanted her to hug her. At the moment this happened, Esperanza kicked the ball “into the back of the net” and the entire team shouted “Goal!” It was practiced countless times with success. The only thing that could not be achieved was for Verónica not to take the doll from the goalkeeper and run away.

The second variant consisted of the Zapatista goalkeeper receiving the ball, placing it under her sports shirt, as if she were pregnant, and beginning to walk as if pregnant. The entire Zapatista team came to help her and take her to medical services. Of course, since they were in foreign territory, the teammates made a mistake and went to face the enemy goal, where, miraculously, the Zapatista goalkeeper dropped the ball that, barely rolling, went beyond the enemy line and gave birth to a Goal that he forgot from Messi and Cristiano. Meanwhile, the TTT Popcorn Commando surrounded the sister responsible for the board and “exhorted” her to accept the goal achieved “with the sacrifice of the Zapatista comrade and her little ball.”

The third variant implied a risk for the protagonist, since she had to fake fainting. It was practiced only once in the seedbed because the terrain there is gravel (stone and sand), and it was expected that there would be grass in the enemy field. The compañera had to faint in the middle of the field. Subcommander Moisés, alarmed, would run to see his companion and, with him, the entire Zapatista bench would run. All the compañeras cried out, in their respective mother tongues, for medical service. As expected, the enemy would have no medical service, so a stretcher would be prepared in advance. The referee would like to call the paramedics, but SubMoisés would allege practices and customs of the native peoples, so the Zapatistas themselves lift the fainted woman and place her on the stretcher. Confused by the pain and sorrow of seeing their sister fall in combat, the militia members would not succeed in heading to the bench carrying the stretcher, so they would end up reaching the enemy goal. At that moment, the first gods, those who made the world, would do their work and the injured compa would wake up without the need for any male toad, commoner or royalty, to kiss her, and she would find the ball at her feet, just on the goal line and with a kick she would seal the fate. It was to be expected that, animated by the joy of seeing their companion safe, the militiawomen would shout “Goal!” By that time, the Popcorn Commando would already be at the foot of the scoreboard to ensure that life was celebrated.

I don’t really remember the fourth – I know I said there were 3, but weren’t the three musketeers actually 4? -, although it was similar in wit, creativity and mischief to the other three.

According to what the militia women told me upon their return, in the territories they call “Italy” and “Spanish State”, the enemy sisters quickly understood what the matter was about and began to play with the same style. I don’t know whether FIFA could classify it as football but, judging by the photos and videos they showed me, it was a party. Result: there was no winner or loser… and Verónica returned with the doll that, presumably, belonged to the now deceased SupGaleano. No, she didn’t give it back.

And that was the message for geographies around the world: do not play with your enemy’s rules, create your own rules,” SupGaleano declared to me before his last sigh.

-*-

II.- How many Cyprus can fit in a soccer game?

This was told to me by Subcommander Insurgent Moisés, when he told me details and anecdotes from the so-called “Europe chapter” of the Journey for Life. What I tell below is what I managed to rescue from the narration, full of admiration and respect, of Subcommander Moisés.

“There is a geography called Cyprus. Well, it’s broken, that is, in pieces. There are Cypriots, there are Greek Cypriots and there are Turkish Cypriots and I don’t remember how many more people have the last name Cypriot. The capitalists divided that land, cut it into pieces. And they also cut up their people, their language, their history, their culture. And it turns out that, although it is a small island, all the money wants it and, as they do, they divide it, but each party wants the other’s share. In other words, in the midst of the powerful and their wars, the people remain.

Well, then there is a soccer team in that geography called Cyprus. They have good players and they are professionals. So their job is to play soccer. So they are losing several games and they meet among themselves to analyze and they say that they are losing because the games’ strategy is wrong. They go and tell the owner of the team, that is, the boss, that they are losing because of that, that they already thought of a better strategy and that way they will win more games.

The boss, that is, the owner of the team, looks at them with contempt and tells them: “you win or lose as it suits me. Sometimes it suits me that you lose and that’s how it will continue.»

The players know how to play very well, but they also have a good heart. So, as they say, they rebel. They tell themselves resistance and rebellion, but in their language. And they send the owner of the team, that is, the boss, to hell. Then they make their own soccer team. And they organize themselves and make a stadium. That land is divided, so, in the middle, they say “no man’s land”, they make their stadium there and then they invite anyone who wants to play and practice. The other groups and collectives that fight, support them and are well organized. It doesn’t matter if you are Cypriot, Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot or Cypriot I don’t know what. There is no charge, it is voluntary what each person wants to give. So, as they say, the pay is not what matters. So, from time to time they have their matches and there are no divisions of nationalities, no religions, no flags, there is only football. And it’s like a party.

In other words, as they say, those brothers broke those boundaries that the bosses and owners put in place.

“So they kind of made their Caracol. They have a football Caracol! I told them let’s see when we can have a soccer game there in their land or here in no man’s land,» says Subcommander Insurgent Moisés, spokesperson for the Zapatista communities, chief of the EZLN, and coordinator of the Journey for Life.

-*-

  1. Cheers and that the games, like the rides, are not a competition but rather excuses to coexist among different people.

I attest
From the mountains of the Mexican southeast.

The Captain
Mexico, November 2023. 40, 30, 20, 10, 2 years later.

Music: «Somos Sur», for Ana Tijoux and Shadia Mansour
Images of the soccer match between the Ixchel-Ramona team and the enemy Italian sisters taken in the geography they call Rome, Italy, in November 2021. Added to images of mobilization of the Zapatista peoples against the wars in 2022. Tercios Compas . Copyleft November 2023

radio
Avispa Midia

(Español) Organizaciones brasileñas alertan por incremento en asesinatos contra quilombolas

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Fuente: Avispa Midia

Por Sare Frabes

Marcha del movimiento negro contra la violencia policial, celebrada en la ciudad de São Paulo el 24 de agosto, en protesta contra el asesinato de Bernardete Pacífico, lideresa acribillada con 12 tiros en Bahía.

En Brasil, la difusión de una investigación señala que, entre 2018 y 2022, los asesinatos contra quilombolas se duplicaron con respecto a un estudio previo, el cual había registrado agresiones contra las comunidades afrodescendientes entre 2008 al 2017. En 15 años, 70 quilombolas -descendientes de africanos que se rebelaron y huyeron de la condición de esclavos durante la colonización portuguesa- fueron asesinados en todo el país.

Te puede interesar – Seguridad de empresa de palma africana asesina a indígena en la Amazonía

El estudio titulado Racismo y violencia contra los quilombos en Brasil, difundido el pasado viernes (17), enfatiza que el 70% de los asesinatos sucedieron en territorios no titulados, siendo el estado de Maranhão, al norte del país, el que registró el mayor número de asesinatos.

Elaborada por la Coordinación Nacional para la Articulación de las Comunidades Negras Rurales Quilombolas (Conaq) y la organización Terra de Direitos, la investigación señala eventos de violencia contra los quilombos que muestran el recrudecimiento de las desigualdades practicadas históricamente contra las comunidades quilombolas en Brasil.

El estudio analizó 32 asesinatos registrados en 11 estados del país sudamericano y enfatiza que los conflictos por la tierra y la violencia de género están entre las principales causas de los asesinatos de quilombolas en Brasil. “Al menos 13 quilombolas fueron asesinados en el contexto de la lucha por su territorio y la defensa del mismo”, sostienen las organizaciones.

La investigación señala que, a comparación con el estudio previo que registró las agresiones violentas durante un periodo de 10 años, el promedio anual de los últimos cinco años se duplicó, al pasar de 3.8 a 6.4 asesinatos por año. “Se registraron cuatro asesinatos de quilombolas en los años con menor número de violencia en el período analizado. En los años de 2019 a 2021 se registraron picos de 8 asesinatos”, resaltan.

Territorio Quilombola de Iúna, en la Chapada Diamantina, estado de Bahia, donde seis personas fueron asesinadas en 2017.

El estudio revela que, al menos, 15 de estos crímenes tuvieron como objetivo a líderes reconocidos por las comunidades.

“El Estado brasileño debe tomar medidas inmediatas para proteger a los líderes de todo Brasil. Es deber del Estado garantizar que haya una investigación rápida y efectiva y que los responsables de los crímenes que han victimado a los líderes de estos Quilombos y a tantos otros rindan cuentas debidamente. Es crucial que se haga justicia, que se conozca la verdad y que se castigue a los responsables. Queremos justicia para honrar la memoria de nuestros líderes que perdemos, pero también para poder decir que, en Brasil, no se tolerarán los actos de violencia contra los quilombolas”, reclamó el coordinador ejecutivo de Conaq, Biko Rodrigues.

Feminicidios, al alza

En el reporte, destaca también el elevado número de feminicidios, pues nueve de los asesinatos fueron contra mujeres. “Los autores de la violencia [fueron] sus parejas actuales o ex parejas. Aunque se refiera al ámbito privado de las relaciones, las organizaciones entienden que la violencia contra las mujeres es un reflejo de la lucha política que llevan a cabo en el quilombo en defensa del territorio y de la supervivencia de las comunidades”, detallan las organizaciones.

La proporción de mujeres quilombolas asesinadas también se ha duplicado en el periodo registrado durante los últimos cinco años, en contraste con el registro de 10 años, entre 2008 a 2017, cuando fueron asesinadas ocho mujeres.

Las movilizaciones recuerdan a la dirigente del quilombo Pitanga dos Palmares, Maria Bernadete Pacífico. Foto: Brasil de Fato

Las organizaciones señalaron que la investigación se inició tres meses después del asesinato de Maria Bernadete Pacífico, acontecido el pasado 17 de agosto. Bernadete, coordinadora de la Conaq, pertenecía a la comunidad de Pitanga dos Palmares Quilombo y era madre de Flávio Gabriel Pacífico dos Santos, otro reconocido líder quilombola, asesinado en 2017 en el contexto de una lucha por el territorio. Acorde a la oficina jurídica de Conaq, las investigaciones sobre el asesinato siguen en curso por parte de la Policía Civil.

Cabe destacar que, pese a que el asesinato de Bernadete no está incluido en el período analizado en la investigación, en lo que va del año 2023 se registra el asesinato de siete quilombolas.

La disputa por tierras

Otro de los hallazgos señala que el 70% de los asesinatos fueron motivados por conflictos de tierras pues sucedieron en territorios que no cuentan con la regularización de sus títulos. Al mismo tiempo, entre 11 quilombos, total o parcialmente titulados, la disputa por el territorio representó el 27% de los asesinatos.

En 10 de las 26 comunidades donde se registraron asesinatos, no hay casos abiertos en el Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria y Colonización (INCRA), autoridad encargada de la regularización de tierras quilombolas en Brasil.

Te puede interesar – Palma aceitera y conservación: aliadas en la expulsión de comunidades en la Amazonía brasileña

Datos de la Fundación Palmares demuestran que existen 1,805 procesos abiertos en el INCRA para la regularización de tierras de territorios quilombolas.

BOX Hallazgos

Algunos de los datos que revela el estudio sobre las agresiones durante el periodo 2018-2022 son los siguientes:

*Se registraron asesinatos en 26 comunidades quilombolas. En las comunidades de Rio dos Macacos (Bahía) y Cedro (Maranhão) hubo 3 asesinatos; en el Quilombo Conceição de Crioulas (Pernambuco) hubo 4.
*En 6 de los 32 asesinatos fue posible identificar la ocurrencia de amenazas anteriores a los asesinatos.
*Maranhão es el Estado con mayor número de asesinatos (09), seguido de Bahia, Pará y Pernambuco, con cuatro casos cada uno.
*El Noreste es la región con el mayor número, con 21 asesinatos registrados, lo que representa el 65,6% de todos los casos. El Norte es la región con el segundo mayor número, con 4 asesinatos mapeados.

radio
ASAMBLEA NACIONAL POR EL AGUA Y LA VIDA

PRONUNCIAMIENTO DE LA ASAMBLEA NACIONAL POR EL AGUA Y LA VIDA EN REPUDIO A LA DETENCIÓN ARBITRARIA DE TRES COMPAÑEROS DE ELOXOCHITLÁN DE FLORES MAGÓN

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Al pueblo de Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón
A los pueblos, organizaciones y colectivos que luchan por la vida

El día de hoy, 21 de noviembre aproximadamente a las 3:20 PM, fueron detenidos arbitrariamente tres compañeros de Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón: Jaime Vidauria Romero, Artemio Vidauria Romero y
Ranulfo Vidauria Estrada.

Con lujo de violencia y apuntando con armas largas a las mujeres que se encontraban presentes en el espacio de organización del pueblo, hombres vestidos de civil se llevaron sin explicación alguna a los compañeros.

Este es un golpe más del violento y arbitrario gobierno de Salomón Jara Cruz, gobernador de Oaxaca, en contubernio con Eliza Zepeda Lagunas, directora de Instituto de las mujeres en Oaxaca.

Con saña y cobardía, vuelven a arremeter contra las comunidades organizadas de Eloxochitlán, quienes recientemente realizaron la Faena Internacionalista para exigir la libertad de todos los presos políticos así como el retorno de las familias desplazadas por la violencia orquestada desde el gobierno.

Los pueblos, organizaciones y colectivos que integramos la Asamblea Nacional por el Agua y la vida, de la cual también son parte nuestras hermanas y hermanos de Eloxochitlán, manifestamos nuestro repudio contra esta detención arbitraria y responsabilizamos a los tres niveles de gobierno de la integridad de nuestros compañeros.

A nuestras hermanas y hermanos de Eloxochitlán les decimos que no están solos ni solas y que exigimos:

1. La liberación inmediata y sin condiciones de Jaime Vidauria Romero,
Artemio Vidauria Romero y
Ranulfo Vidauria Estrada.

2. Se hagan efectivos los amparos federales ganados por los compañeros.

3. Cese a la persecución, criminalizacion y detenciones arbitrarias contra el digno pueblos de Eloxochitlán de Flores Magón.

¡ALTO A LA GUERRA CONTRA LOS PUEBLOS ORIGINARIOS!

ATENTAMENTE

ASAMBLEA NACIONAL POR EL AGUA Y LA VIDA

#Eloxochitlan
#PresosPolíticos
#eloxlibre

radio
EZLN

EZLN | Twelfth part: Fragments.

Twelfth part: Fragments
Fragments of a letter written by Subcommander Insurgent Moises, sent a few months ago, to a geography distant in space but close in thought:

“Sixth Zapatista Commission.
Mexico.

April 2023

(…)

Because then it would be something like, in the face of the terrible storm that is already hitting every corner of the planet, even those who thought themselves safe from all evil, we did not see the storm.

I mean, we don’t just see the storm, and the destruction, death and pain that it brings. We also see what comes next. We want to be the seed of a future root that we will not see, which will then be, in turn, the grass that we will not see either.

The Zapatista vocation, if someone pushes us to a laconic definition, is “to be a good seed.”

We do not intend to leave for inheritance a conception of the world to the next generations. Neither to inherit our miseries, our resentments, our pain, our phobias, or our philias. Nor for them to be a mirror with a more or less approximate image of what we assume is good or bad.

What we want to leave for inheritance is life. What other generations do with it will be their decision and, above all, their responsibility. Just as we inherited life from our ancestors, we took what we considered valuable, and we assigned ourselves a task. And, of course, we take responsibility for the decision we made, for what we do in order to accomplish that task, and for the consequences of our actions and omissions.

When we say that “It is not necessary to conquer the world, it is enough to do it again”, we move away, definitively and irremediably, from the current and previous political conceptions. The world we see is not perfect, not even close. But it is better, without a doubt. A world where everyone is who they are, without shame, without being persecuted, mutilated, imprisoned, murdered, marginalized, oppressed.

What is that world called? What system supports it or is dominant? Well, that will be decided, or not, by those who live there.

A world where the desires to hegemonize and homogenize learn from what they caused in this time and other times, and fail in that world to come.

A world in which humanity is not defined by equality (which only hides the segregation of those who “are not equal”), but by difference.

A world where difference is not persecuted, but celebrated. A world in which the stories told are not those of those who win, because no one wins.

A world where the stories that are told, whether in intimacy, or in the arts, or in culture, are like those that our grandmothers and grandfathers told us, and that teach not who won, because no one won and, therefore, nobody lost.

Those stories that allowed us to imagine terrible and wonderful things and in which, between the rain and the smell of cooking corn, coffee and tobacco, we managed to imagine an incomplete world, yes, clumsy too, but much better than the world that our ancestors and our contemporaries have suffered and are suffering.

We do not intend to leave for inheritance laws, manuals, worldviews, catechisms, rules, routes, destinations, steps, companies, which, if you look closely, is what almost all political proposals aspire to.

Our goal is simpler and terribly more difficult: to leave life for inheritance.

(…)

Because we see that this terrible storm, whose first gales and rains are already hitting the entire planet, is arriving very quickly and very strongly. So, we don’t see the immediate. Or yes, but according to what we see in the long term. Our immediate reality is defined or in accordance with two realities: one of death and destruction that will bring out the worst in human beings, regardless of their social class, their color, their race, their culture, their geography, their language, their size; and another of starting over, from the rubble of a system that did what it does best, that is, to destroy.

Why do we say that the nightmare that already exists, and that will only get worse, will be followed by an awakening? Well, because there are those, like us, who are determined to look at that possibility. Minimal, it’s true. But every day and at all hours, everywhere, we fight so that this minimal possibility grows and, although small and unimportant –just like a tiny seed—, it grows and, one day, it becomes the tree of life that will be of all colors or won’t be at all.

We are not the only ones. In these 30 years we have leaned out into many worlds. Different in ways, times, geographies, own stories, calendars. But equal only in the effort and the absurd gaze placed on an untimely time that will happen, not because of destiny, not because of divine design, not because someone loses so that someone wins. No, it will be because we are working on it, fighting, living and dying for it.

And there will be a meadow, and there will be flowers, and trees, and rivers, and animals of all kinds. And there will be grass because there will be roots. And there will be a girl, a boy, a child who will be alive. And the day will come when she/he will have to take responsibility for the decision she/he makes about what to do with that life.

Isn’t that freedom?

(…)

And we will tell you the story of the indigenous woman of Mayan roots, over 40 years old, who fell dozens of times while learning to ride a 20-wheeled bicycle. But also, got up the same number of times and is now riding a 24 or 26-wheeled bicycle and, with it, she will reach the medicinal plants courses.

Of the health promoter who will arrive on time, to a remote community without a paved road, to administer anti-viper serum to an elderly man attacked by a nauyaca viper.

Of the indigenous, autonomous authority who, with her ‘nagüa’ and her ‘morraleta’, will arrive on time to an assembly of “as women that we are” and will be able to give the talk on feminine hygiene.

And that, when there was no vehicle, gasoline, driver or passable road, to the extent of our development and possibilities, health would reach a champa in a corner of the Lacandon jungle.

A champa where, around a stove, raining and without electricity, the education promoter will arrive, also by bicycle, and, among the smell of cooked corn, coffee and tobacco, she will hear a terrible and wonderful story, told in the voice and tongue of an old woman. And in that story there will be talk about Votán, who was neither man nor woman nor “otroa”. And it was not one, but many. And she will hear her say: “that is what we are, Votán, guardian and heart of the people.”

And that, already at school, that education promoter will tell the Zapatista boys and girls that story. Well, more like the version that she will make of what she remembers having heard, because it couldn’t really be heard, due to the noise of the rain and the muffled voice of the woman who was telling the story.

And about “the cumbia of the bicycle” that some musical youth group will create and that will relieve us all from hearing “the cumbia of the frog” for the umpteenth time.

And our dead, to whom we owe honor and life, perhaps will say “well, we have finally entered the age of the wheel.” And at night they will look at the starry sky, without clouds to hide it, and they will say “Bicycles! From there, the spaceships follow.” And they will laugh, I know. And someone alive will start a tape recorder and a cumbia will be heard that all of us, the living and the dead, hope is not “la del moño colorado.” 

(…) 

From the mountains of the Mexican southeast.
In the name of the Zapatista boys, girls, men, women and ‘otroas’.
Subcommander Insurgent Moisés.
General Coordinator of the “Tour for Life”.
Mexico, April 2023.”

These fragments are taken from the original, and with the authorizations of the sender and recipient.
I attest.

The Captain.
November 2023

Página 12 de 450« Primera...1011121314...203040...Última »