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Cátedra Jorge Alonso

(Español) [Libro] Internacionalismo crítico y luchas por la vida

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𝙄𝙣𝙩𝙚𝙧𝙣𝙖𝙘𝙞𝙤𝙣𝙖𝙡𝙞𝙨𝙢𝙤 𝙘𝙧𝙞́𝙩𝙞𝙘𝙤 𝙮 𝙡𝙪𝙘𝙝𝙖𝙨 𝙥𝙤𝙧 𝙡𝙖 𝙫𝙞𝙙𝙖: 𝙃𝙖𝙘𝙞𝙖 𝙡𝙖 𝙘𝙤𝙣𝙨𝙩𝙧𝙪𝙘𝙘𝙞𝙤́𝙣 𝙙𝙚 𝙝𝙤𝙧𝙞𝙯𝙤𝙣𝙩𝙚𝙨 𝙛𝙪𝙩𝙪𝙧𝙤𝙨 𝙙𝙚𝙨𝙙𝙚 𝙡𝙖𝙨 𝙧𝙚𝙨𝙞𝙨𝙩𝙚𝙣𝙘𝙞𝙖𝙨 𝙮 𝙖𝙪𝙩𝙤𝙣𝙤𝙢𝙞́𝙖𝙨

A unos días de cumplirse 40 años de la fundación del Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, estrenamos este trabajo colectivo que pretende reflexionar desde el caminar colectivo, algunos de los aprendizajes que nos han brindado los pueblos en su afán tenaz de transformar el mundo injusto en que vivimos. Desde las perspectivas internacionalistas que abarcan geografías amplias, se reflexiona sobre la Travesía por la Vida impulsada por las comunidades autónomas y al Congreso Nacional Indígena junto con muchas otras experiencias de lucha.

Francisco De Parres Gómez (Coordinador). Autores: Gilberto López y Rivas / Alicia Castellanos Guerrero / Luis Hernández Navarro / Inés Durán Matute / Hernán Ouviña / Carlos Alonso Reynoso / Jorge Alonso / Márgara Millán / Carolina Díaz Iñigo / Lola Cubells / María Ignacia Ibarra / Bruno Baronnet / Francesca Cozzolino / Argelia Guerrero / Xochitl Leyva Solano / Raúl Zibechi / Azize Aslan / Raúl Romero

Libro coeditado desde la Cátedra Jorge Alonso, el CIESAS Occidente, la Universidad de Guadalajara , el Cucsh Udg, Clacso – Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales , el Grupo de Trabajo: Cuerpos, Territorios, Resistencias, el Instituto de Investigaciones en Educación UV de la Universidad Veracruzana, Retos Nodo Chiapas Cooperativa Editorial Retos, la Cátedra Carlos Montemayor, la RERI. Red de Estudios sobre las Resistencias Indígenas y el Cotric – Colectivo Transdisciplinario de Investigaciones Críticas.

Lee y/o descarga en nuestra sección de libros para descargar.

Subcomandante Insurgente Moisés

EZLN | Ninth Part: The new structure of Zapastista Autonomy

Ninth Part: The new structure of Zapastista Autonomy

November 2023

Brothers, sisters, comrades:

I am going to try to explain to you how we reorganized the autonomy, that is, the new structure of the Zapatista autonomy. I will explain more to you later in more detail. Or maybe I won’t explain more, because practice is what matters. Of course you can also come to the anniversary and watch the plays, songs, poems and the art and culture of this new stage of our struggle. If not, Tercios Compas will send you photos and videos. At another time I will tell you what we saw good and bad in the critical evaluation of MAREZ and JBG. Now I’ll just tell you how it looks. Here it goes:

First: The main base, which is not only where autonomy is sustained, also without which the other structures cannot function, is the Local Autonomous Government, LAG [GAL for its acronym in Spanish]. There is a GAL in each community where Zapatista support bases live. The Zapatista GALs are the core of all autonomy. They are coordinated by autonomous agents and commissioners and are subject to the assembly of the town, ranchería, community, area, neighborhood, ejido, colony, or however each population calls itself. Each GAL controls its autonomous organizational resources (such as schools and clinics) and the relationship with neighboring non-Zapatista brother towns. And controls the proper use of the pay. It also detects and reports mismanagement, corruption and errors that may exist. And is attentive to those who want to pass themselves off as Zapatista authorities to ask for support or aid that they use for their own benefit.

So, if before there were a few dozen MAREZ, that is, Zapatista Rebel Autonomous Municipalities, now there are thousands of Zapatista GALs.

Second. – According to their needs, problems and advances, various GALs are convened into Collectives of Zapatista Autonomous Government, ZAG [CGAZ for its acronym in Spanish], and here discussions are held and agreements are made on matters that interest the convening GALs. When they so determine, the Collective of Autonomous Governments calls an assembly of the authorities of each community. Here the plans and needs of Health, Education, Agroecology, Justice, Commerce, and those that are needed are proposed, discussed and approved or rejected. The coordinators of each area are at the CGAZ level. They are not authorities. Their job is to ensure that the work requested by the GAL or that are deemed necessary for community life. Such as, for example: preventive medicine and vaccination campaigns, campaigns for endemic diseases, courses and specialized training (such as laboratory technicians, x rays, ultrasound, mammograms and those that we learn on the way), literacy and higher levels, sporting and cultural events, traditional festivities, etc. Each region or CGAZ has its directors, who are the ones who summon assemblies if there is an urgent problem or one that affects several communities.

That is to say, where before there were 12 Good Government ‘Juntas’, now there will be hundreds.

Third. – Next, the Assemblies of Collectives of ZAPATISTA Autonomous Governments, ACZAG [ACGAZ for its acronym in Spanish]. Which are what were previously known as zones. But they have no authority, and depend on the CGAZ. And the CGAZ depend on the GAL. The ACGAZ convenes and presides over zone assemblies, when necessary according to the requests of GAL and CGAZ. They are based in the caracoles, but move between regions. In other words, they are mobile, according to the towns demands for attention.

Fourth. – As will be seen in practice, the Command and Coordination of Autonomy has been transferred from the JBG and MAREZ to the towns and communities, to the GAL. The zones (ACGAZ) and the regions (CGAZ) are governed by the towns, they must be accountable to the towns and must find a way to meet their needs in Health, Education, Justice, Food and those that arise due to emergencies caused by natural disasters, pandemics, crimes, invasions, wars, and the other misfortunes that the capitalist system brings.

Fifth. – The structure and disposition of the EZLN has been reorganized in order to increase the defense and security of towns and mother earth in the event of aggressions, attacks, epidemics, invasion of companies that prey on nature, partial or total military occupations, natural catastrophes and nuclear wars. We have prepared so that our towns survive, even isolated from each other.

Sixth. – We understand that you may have problems assimilating this. And that, for a while, you will struggle to understand it. It took us 10 years to think about it, and of those 10 years, 3 to prepare it for its practice.

We also understand that it seems to you that your thinking is scrambled. That is why it is necessary to change your channel of understanding. Only by looking far away, backwards and forwards, can the present step be understood.

We hope you understand that it is a new structure of autonomy, that we are just learning and that it will take a while to get going well.

In reality, this statement has only the intention of telling you that Zapatista autonomy continues and advances, that we think it will be better for the towns, communities, places, neighborhoods, colonies, ejidos and rancherías where they live, that is, the bases of Zapatista support. And that it has been their decision, taking into account their ideas and proposals, their criticisms and self-criticisms.

Also, as will be seen, this new stage of autonomy is made to confront the worst of the Hydra, its most infamous bestiality and its destructive madness. Their wars and business and military invasions.

For us, there are no borders or distant geographies. Everything that happens in any corner of the planet affects us and concerns us, worries us and hurts us. To the extent of our very small strength, we will support human beings in distress regardless of their color, race, nationality, belief, ideology and language. Although we do not know many languages ​​or understand many cultures and ways, we know how to understand the suffering, pain, sorrow, and proud rage that the system provokes.

We know how to read and listen to brother hearts. We will continue trying to learn from them, their stories and their struggles. Not only because we have suffered from this for centuries and we know what it is like. Also, and above all because, as for 30 years, our fight is for life.

Surely we have made many mistakes in all these years. We will surely do more in the next 120 years. But we will NOT give up, we will NOT change path, we will NOT sell out. We will always be reviewing our struggle, its times and ways with a critical eye.

Our eyes, our ears, our heads and our hearts will always be ready to learn from others who, although different in many things, have our same concerns and similar desires for democracy, freedom and justice.

And we will always seek the best for our people and for our sister communities.

We are, therefore, Zapatistas.

As long as there is at least one man, one woman, one ‘otroa’ Zapatista in any corner of the planet, we will resist in rebellion, that is, we will fight.

See it for yourselves, friends and enemies. And those who are neither one thing nor another.

That is it, for now.

From the mountains of the mexican southeast.

Insurgent Subcommander Moisés.

Mexico, November 2023.

More than 500, 40, 30, 20, 10 years later.

P.S.- Here I leave you a drawing to see if you understand it a little.


Capitán Insurgente Marcos



Legend has it that, in the times when time did not matter, rain and night covered the House of Beings. Then the power went out. Everything was darkness. Women, men and ‘otroas’ were stumbling and crashing with each other. For this reason, they argued and fought between brothers and neighbors. They didn’t even recognize each other, even though they were family members and acquaintances, because it was very dark. They scolded each other a lot.

The first gods, those who created the world, were lazy, lying in their hammocks, telling jokes and stories. But all the noise coming from the House of Beings reached them. “Whose noise is this?” asked one. “Who knows,” said another. Ixmucané, who was the mother goddess, said: “Let’s see what the noise is about,” but when she got out of the hammock, she fell and her face landed on the ground and it looked like it was dented, that is, like it had cracks. Ixmucané got up from the ground and did not swear because swear words had not yet been invented. She dusted herself off. She raised her skirt a little and ran towards the House of Beings.

The gods looked at each other and said nothing, but they thought, “Are we going to let a woman beat us?” and they got down from their hammocks, but carefully, and ran to catch up with Ixmucané. But it turns out that, since they had been lazy, they had not made or cleared path and there was a lot of bush. Pure ‘Acahual’, you see. There was an abundance of tzaw ch’ix (thorns), dry branches, sharp grass (which is also called gezau h’ak) and ch’oox tz’an, which is a vine with thorns. But there they went running and jumping as best they could and complaining on the way, those gods, because they were not going to allow a woman to beat them. They later arrived at the House of Beings, all scratched and dented on their faces and hands. But no one looked at them and noticed that they were all beaten up, because there was no light. That is why it is believed that the gods do not have wounds.

The gods didn’t look at anything either. Everything was dark. Just by the sound you knew there were more people. “And now?” the gods asked themselves. Ixmucané did not wonder anything, but remained thinking. The male gods were always very boastful and began to say that you have to go for ocote. Another said that they had to invent the the lamp. Another one said that had to gather a lot of fireflies. And so.

Ixmucané thought: “We have to replace the light. But to replace it, we have to find it. And to find it, we have to know where to look for it. And to know where to look for it, we just have to know what happened.

Ixmucané gathered the men, women and ‘otroas’ of corn. At that time there were only men, women and ‘otroas’ made out of corn, they came in many colors and everyone had their own way. There were no religions, no nations, no States, no political parties, nor everything that was born later as seeds of war. So, when Ixmucané said “come, little brothers and sisters,” guided by her voice, all the men and women arrived, and ‘othroas’ too – because they did not feel excluded.

So they met in an assembly. They didn’t look at each other because there was no light, but they could talk and listen to each other.

Ixmucané asked them “What are we going to do?” The men, women and ‘otroas’ did not look at each other – because there was no light – but remained silent. Until a voice said “Well, you tell us what we are going to do.” The applause was not seen, but it was clearly heard. Ixmucané laughed heartily and said, “Do you think I know. We don’t know as it is, but maybe gathered together, in an assembly and talking, suddenly some ideas emerge about what we are going to do.» They were all silent, wondering what they were going to do.

The only noise that could be heard was the noise of the male gods who were fighting among themselves, saying where the hell was the ‘ocote’, and whether someone had remembered to create the fireflies, and whether it was not me, and whether that was up to I don’t know who but he always plays dumb or acts like a duck, and someone asked what is a “duck”, because the ducks were not made yet. And so.

In the assembly they were already talking and proposing how to do it. First just a few voices, then more. Then they had to make a list in order to speak in turns and have someone write if there is an agreement. Since there was no light to write or read, there was only the spoken word, so they named Ixmucané, for her to keep in her head everything that is said, and then talks about it.

Many ideas and words were said, and they no longer fit in his Ixmucané head. Then she began to keep them in her hair and her hair became long, that’s why women have long hair. But then it wasn’t enough either, although she adjusted her hair and that’s when the “hair press” was invented, which, as its name indicates, means “grab ideas.” Ixmucané’s hair was already reaching the ground and they continued speaking ideas and words. Then Ixmucané began to keep her ideas in the wounds she had gotten when she fell and with the thorns and vines. She had wounds everywhere: on her face, on her arms, on her hands, on her legs. Her entire body was full of wounds, so she was able to save everything. That’s why they say that old people, that is, sensible people, who have many wrinkles and scars, means that they have many ideas and stories. That is to say they know a lot.

In another turn I will tell you what they agreed on in that first assembly that took place in the House of Beings, but in this one I will tell you what Ixmucané said: “Well, we already have, as it were, a plan to face this problem that we have. Since the world is just being born and we are giving a name to each thing, so as not to confuse ourselves, we are going to call this thing we did «in common», because we all participated: some giving some ideas, others proposing other ideas, and there are those who speak and there are those who keep notes of what is said.

There was silence first. Heavy, strong was the silence. Then you could hear someone start to applaud, then another, then everyone applauded and you could hear that they were very happy. And they didn’t dance because you could see nothing at all. But they laughed a lot because they had found a new word called “in common,” which means “to seek the path together.” And it was not that the first gods invented it, those who created the world, but it came to be that it was men, women, and ‘otroas’ made of corn, who, in common, found the word, that is, the way.


Ixmucané was the most knowledgeable of all the gods and, as she was the first to arrive at the House of Beings, she had more wounds, from the fall and from the race she did in the ‘Acahual’, and thus she was marked with those scars. “Wrinkles” and “scars,” they were called. Since then, wrinkles and scars represent wisdom. More wrinkles and scars, more knowledge. Of course, back then there were no social networks and no one was wearing makeup and modifying their photos with a well-known virtual application. And then it happens that you see the profile photo and then you see reality, and you want to run away. No, the wrinkles and scars were a source of pride and not something anybody could have. Even young men and women painted wrinkles and scars, or simply went into the mountains so that the thorns and vines scratched their faces. Because it didn’t matter who was prettier, but rather who was more knowledgeable. Instead of “followers” ​​and “likes” they looked for who had the most wrinkles and scars.

And that’s it.


Yes, I would also like to know what happened to the lost light. Maybe later, in another postscript, we will know. For now, we have to learn to walk and live like this in the dark. There is no other way.

From the mountains of the Mexican southeast.

The Captain
November 2023. 40, 30, 20, 10 years after.

Radio Zapatista

Interview with Fuad Abu Saif in Palestine about Gaza

Listen to the interview:
(Descarga aquí)  

For over a month now, Israel has been bombing Gaza through air, sea, and land, in retaliation for the attack by Hamas on October 7, aimed at lifting the deadly blockade imposed on Gaza for 17 years, which has led to thousands of deaths, most of whom are children. Around 1,400 people died in that attack, although recent reports from Israel indicate that there is a strong possibility that many, if not most of the dead were killed by indiscriminate Israeli fire that day.

Israel’s offensive against Gaza has killed close to 11,000 people so far, at least 4,500 of whom are children. In violation of international law and all human rights conventions, Israel continues to massacre the civilian population indiscriminately, attacking hospitals, schools, ambulances, shelters, mosques, homes, buildings, and refugee camps, as well as infrastructure. Since October 7, Israel has hit at least 12,000 targets with 25,000 tons of explosives, according to Euro-Med Human Rights Monitor—the equivalent to two nuclear bombs. Massive demonstrations all around the world have condemned what is evidently Israel’s ethnic cleansing and genocidal project, not only committed through direct massacres, but also employing hunger and deprivation, cutting off access to food and clean water for a population of 2.5 million Palestinians.

From the West Bank, we spoke with Fuad Abu Saif, General Director of the Union of Agricultural Work Communities (UAWC), who explained the situation.

Foto: El Mundo

Thank you for being with us, Fuad. We would like to know what the situation is like in Gaza right now, but before we do that, we would like to know what life was like in Gaza for the last 16 or 17 years, since the borders were closed by Israel in 2006.

The story of Gaza, the West Bank and all of Palestine started not just on October 7 or even 16 or 17 years ago; it started 75 years ago when Israel occupied Palestine in 1948. In 2006, there was a national election in Palestine and Hamas won. Immediately, Israel imposed a siege in all of Gaza, which has made the life of people there very difficult. Gaza is a very small area: 665 km2 surrounded on all sides by Israel and the sea on the other side, and about 2.5 million people living there, all of them under siege. That means that there is no way to go in or out without passing through the Israeli border. They forbid about 100 different materials from entering Gaza, which means that all the fundamental and basic needs for life are prohibited from entering Gaza. And of course, there is no airport or other connection with the outside world, except through Egypt, which is also in agreement with Israel and also blocked that border.

We work closely with Gaza because our office is responsible for being in daily touch with people there. Thousands of people have died because there is not enough care in the hospitals, no materials, no fuel, no electricity. Even before October 7, electricity was only available for four hours a day. The water is contaminated, there is no clean water in Gaza, and no one can go in or out of Gaza for 16 or 17 years. So life was impossible…

Some people have described Gaza as the largest open-air prison in the world…

It’s not just an open-air prison. Israel waged five wars before this one during these 16 years, killed thousands of Palestinians and arrested many others. Thousands of Palestinians were killed because they entered their land in the area near the border between Israel and Gaza… everyone entering after 6 pm, they shoot them. Hundreds of farmers lost their life because they were late in their farm and the Israelis attacked them. Protesters who tried to protest and condemn this situation in the area were killed or injured because they organized a kind of march near the Israeli border—this has happened since 2014. The wars mean that military operations can happen at any moment, and it has happened five times without any reason to justify it. In the past 16 years, Israel initiated these military operations without having any attacks from Gaza.

What is it like now on the ground after October 7?

Since October 7, Israel started this genocide war in Gaza. The number of victims is increasing in a crazy way, until last night it was almost 11,000 Palestinians killed in one month, more than 55,000 injured by the Israeli air strikes against civilians, homes, and infrastructure in Gaza. The problem is that more than 69% are children and women. The way they are killing cannot be described. They bomb houses full of civilians and children. As you may know, the majority of people in Gaza are young and children, more than 60%. So all houses are full of children, and without alerting anyone, they bomb them, the houses, the buildings and everywhere in Gaza. Like I said, it is a very small area. Life cannot be described. There’s no safe place in all of Gaza, and in addition Israel, beside the siege imposed for 17 years, they imposed a different kind of siege—they totally cut off electricity on October 10. They cut off food and are using starvation in this war against civilian Palestinians. They cut roads, cut water, there is no food, no water, no safe place…

Foto: Mahmud Hams, AFP

How are people surviving with this lack of food, water, and mobility?

As a humanitarian organization, we launched from the beginning of this war a program to support people to have access to food. No food is available from the outside, we’re relying on the limited food inside Gaza. Gaza is an agricultural area. There are two different places: the buffer zone, which is a huge land area next to the Israeli border, where Israel isolated that area from the people and farmers, so no one can have access to that area. There is another small area, which is the land inside Gaza itself, where there is what we call the home gardens, where people plant around their homes. This is the only source of food they have. Plus there are some big suppliers in Gaza who had already stored food and materials before the war. We are in contact with them and they have almost run out in the last three or four days. They are managing with the very little food, and are scheduling between the families: this for tomorrow, this for after tomorrow. And as one of them told me: “Look, for us, we have no problem, but it’s difficult for me to describe that to my children, that we don’t have food and we have only one meal, which might sometimes be only bread or rice, and we explain this to the children and they start crying, they don’t understand what that means, but this is the only way that we are managing this starvation.” Water is the same… as an example, in Rafah, which is in the south of Gaza, where almost 900,000 Palestinians were forced to move from the north, plus the close to 1 million already living in that area. They have one well working manually because there is no electricity, and sometimes you have to wait four or five hours to fill your container with 30 to 40 liters, and if you are lucky you have water; if not, you come back the next day. They try not to use the bathroom, for example, this is an agreement, only one time per day. The stories coming from them are very hard, especially for children. Of course, there is no milk, and the bread sometimes is so dry that they have to mix it with water so children can eat it.

They allowed some trucks to enter Gaza, 150 trucks from the beginning. Some of the trucks were only filled to 30-40% of their capacity, and most of the materials and food were expired. Others bring things that the people don’t need, such as clothing.

Foto: Said Khatib, AFP

A few hours ago, the EZLN published a communiqué. Let me read you a part of it:

The murdered Palestinian children are not collateral victims, they are and always have been Netanhayu’s main objective. This war is not about eliminating Hamas. It is about killing the future. Hamas will only be the collateral victim. Israel’s government has lost the media battle because it turns out that genocide, even if disguised as revenge, does not have as many followers as it believed. It is now capable of the most unimaginable cruelty.  The only ones who may perhaps end the massacre are… the people of Israel.

This brings me to a couple of questions. The first one has to do with the true motivations for this barbarism, which is backed by the United States, England, and other European countries. What are the economic and geopolitical interests at play here, and what are Israel’s and its allies’ true intentions?

There are some facts that have become clear for everyone. I don’t know how the world is accepting this, listening and not taking any real action in this genocide against civilians and in particular against children. Israel is not just Netanyahu. All Israeli leaders and even more the “civilians” declared from the beginning that no civilians are to survive in Gaza and that we have to kill them all. A few days ago, 100 doctors signed a petition demanding from the Israeli government to burn Gaza totally, including the children. I think that with this strong support from the United States and other Western governments, it is clear that they want to change the face of the whole region and restructure it so it is more beneficial for Israel. From the first moment, they moved rapidly to visit Israel and express their solidarity, and they agreed with the Israeli project to displace the Palestinians from Gaza and push them to Rafah as the first step, and the next step, from Rafah to Sinai. Until yesterday, Israelis have killed 175 Palestinians in the West Bank, where there is no Hamas, no military operations here. Which means that they are also preparing for another displacement to Jordan, and Israel is now putting that on the table and started speaking of this Israeli project, where Gaza will be pushed to the Sinai and the West Bank to Jordan. It is a horrifying project, ethnic cleansing in the West Bank and genocide in Gaza, with the full support of European governments and the US, and of course Palestinians will not allow this to happen. What is happening in Gaza and the way people are resisting is an example, but it’s risky for everyone. There is no room now for international law, and they encourage Israel to be above international law. They are attacking Syria again on a regular basis, Lebanon… they do whatever they want with the support of Europe and the US…

Foto: Mahmud Hams, AFP

And of course, this is happening in the context of a crisis of the United States as a world power, as Russia, China, and BRICS acquires more power and threatens Western hegemony.

The US is dealing with Israel as an important military base here. There is gas in Gaza, huge quantities discovered in 1996 but that became clearer in 2000. So they are not just using Israel as a military base. This explains why the next day Biden visited Israel, with a statement full of lies, and it’s clear that he’s lying, there is no evidence for his statements. They know that the Palestinians don’t have real power, we have no tanks, no weapons… we have natural resources. It is also about having access to the sea through Gaza, we’ve heard of this plan for decades, and the only way to do that is to displace the Gazan people.

In this context, what is the role of the other Arab countries?

Some of them are too weak, and others are supporting Israel. I mean the governments. Between Gaza and Egypt there are no Israelis, but the border is heavily closed. Since 2006, the Egyptian government closed the only gate for Gazans to have access to the world. So yes, they are contributing in a practical way. Egypt is the biggest Arab country and has the power to change everything. But they do the opposite exactly. The other Arab countries, the United States is scaring them, they are bringing all the US power and troops in the sea here, to alert them that if you move or support, there will be a mess in your country. They are very weak, fragmented, and the US has brought them to their side, and they sometimes even condemn Palestine and support Israel.

What do you see as possible outcomes? President Biden has said that there is no way this is going to stop, and Netanyahu denies all possibility of a ceasefire… where is this going?

It is difficult to talk about the future among those criminals and this kind of way of thinking from Biden and others. I am shocked that everyone is seeing people being killed in this way after almost 35, 40 days from the war, and they are justifying it saying that they keep attacking because they  won’t give any chance to Hamas to rebuild; but that is not true at all. They don’t want a ceasefire because they want to keep the pressure on the people to keep pushing them to the south. They are surrounding Gaza City right now and they keep pushing and killing and attacking the people, and the people are starting to move to the south again. This is what they did in 1948, when Israel attacked more than 500 Palestinian villages and kept attacking them until they evacuated and displaced these villages to Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, etc., after which they became refugees. They are doing the same now again. It is a genocidal thinking clearly, everyone is watching as if it was a movie. This should be stopped; not just stopped, they should be held accountable for their crime. I’m a bit scared that, with this green light from the US, they will continue killing, and things will be increasingly difficult in Gaza… and everything is possible, frankly speaking. They don’t care about the number of victims. I’m not optimistic, I’m scared, we are all scared that this will continue and will become a normal part of the agenda, and after a few weeks no one will be talking about this.

Yet there is an unprecedented outrage and support around the world, with very large demonstrations, including by Jewish communities in many countries who are saying no, not in our name, we will not accept this genocide. Do you see any hope in this world movement in defense of the Palestinian cause?

As Palestinians, we see two sources of hope among all this darkness. One of them is the steadfastness of the Palestinian people in the West Bank and Gaza. In the West Bank, it is also very hard, they imposed closure, siege, killing, shooting… The steadfastness of the Palestinian people is one hope and it’s a strong one.

The other hope is, yes, this kind of huge demonstrations all around the world. If it continues or grows, it might… for example, in France, and even in the US, we start hearing a very small change in words, not in a real change in their position, where they are talking about a ceasefire, because there was no talk of a ceasefire at all one or two weeks ago. In France, what Macron said in Jerusalem is that there should be an alliance against Hamas. And after these huge demonstrations, they started demanding a ceasefire in a very open and public way. That’s the only hope we have, no other hopes. There are no other options to see an end.

Foto: Hollie Adams, Reuters

Since you are in the West Bank, can you tell us what the situation is like there?

It is very difficult and risky. We cannot move from our cities or villages, they cut everything. They put gates in all the Palestinian cities and villages. You cannot go out or in without passing through the gates and checkpoints. If you get closer they might shoot you, and many Palestinians have been killed that way. According to the Oslo agreements, they divided the West Bank in three areas. Area C, is composed of 63% of the West Bank, the majority of land and resources are there. From October 7, they have displaced people from that area, which is huge and where there is hope to build the Palestinian state in the future. Settlers have raided Palestinian communities in Area C on a daily basis; they attack houses, burn houses, burn farms, steal Palestinian assets, uproot trees. We’re in the middle of the olive season, which is like carnival for the Palestinian people, and no one can harvest their olives because the settlers either steal the olives or uproot the trees or they shoot at Palestinian farmers who try to have access to their land. Last week for example, near Nablus, they killed some Palestinians picking their olives.

This month they killed 175 Palestinians; yesterday alone they killed 16 Palestinians in the Jenin camp. We have in 5,500 Palestinians in prison, arrested in the last 20 years; but in this month, 2,500 Palestinians have been arrested.

All checkpoints are closed. Even the food here, we have more spaces and food suppliers, but if it continues like this, there will be a shortage of food. They might turn off water and electricity at any moment if they decide so.

Is there anything else you would like to tell our audience?

I think the only message that all Palestinians have is that we need to get our freedom. We are tired of being under occupation for 75 years. We need our children to have hope and a future similar to all the children around the world. We need to be safe in our land, in our homes, in our camps. We don’t want to see more Palestinian refugee camps, we need Palestinian refugees to come back, we need to have an independent country and a future, we need sovereignty over our resources, similar to the Israelis, similar to everyone. We are no different from Israelis, we are as human as others. We don’t want to have people killed. We need to put an end to this situation, to this cycle of war, because this is the sixth time in the last 15 years in Gaza. So we need to stop this forever. We hate seeing Western countries’ hypocrisy and the US supporting and participating in killing Palestinians directly. This should end. We all have to respect human issues and international law, it cannot be applied to the Palestinians, the victims, while allowing Israel to do whatever they want. We are fighters for dignity, we are fighters for freedom. We are not fighting to kill or to hate. So this is what I would like the whole world to be aware of, and to stand with the Palestinians to achieve that. These are human values, not just for the Palestinians. Fighting occupation here or elsewhere is a fundamental human value all around the world. History is full of stories like this but they all finished, and we need it also to finish here and give Palestinians their freedom.

Foto: El Mundo


Capitán Insurgente Marcos

EZLN | Seventh Part: A Streaming Beatle

Seventh part: A Streaming Beetle

November 2023

Durito forwarded me this that reached one of his millions (so he said) of fans:


And he adds the following:

Although it is a nice touch that they have changed the black color to blue, which protects my secret identity, the reason might be that they want to avoid paying copyright. Above all, for my discreet participation in the SAG-AFTRA strike, alongside my admired Susan. In any case, I appreciate HBO’s humble tribute to the greatest superhero that planet Earth has ever given birth to: myself.»

Almost at the same time, I received this from the HBO Community Manager:

«In relation to the announcement of the programming of the aforementioned film, HBO clarifies that it does not refer to Don Durito (DD for legal issues) nor is it a reference to the next anniversary of the EZLN. It’s a mere coincidence. HBO reiterates its commitment to the system and is already taking steps to reprimand those responsible for our programming for this regrettable misunderstanding. HBO does not make films, nor does it schedule the exhibition of films, of real superheroes, only fictional ones. And, anticipating demands from the aforementioned DD, we want to warn that all the documentation that protects our innocence is already in our legal department. We will not accept demands greater than 10 million USD, although we would be willing to redirect the compensation to Guerrero, as long as it is a reasonable amount that does not exceed the amount referred to and is discussed by the Union Congress of the cemetery called Mexico. We are at your disposal to reach a reasonable arrangement. Sincerely. The CEO of HBO»

I think this has already gotten out of control.

Now Durito will be unbearable. Well, that was it, but more (or is it Max?).

From the office of the DD Artistic Representative (for legal issues).

The Captain.
November 2023.

Avispa Midia

(Español) Comunidad El Roto Viejo se inunda tras la crecida de río Salinas en Sayaxché

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Fuente: Avispa Midia

Por Elmer Ponce

Siete comunidades de Sayaxché, Petén, ha perdido sus cosechas por las lluvias de los últimos días. Las familias han tenido que dejar sus casas y buscar refugio, porque el nivel del agua creció tanto que es imposible mantenerse en ellas. Las autoridades reconocieron no tener la capacidad para atender la emergencia.

Las intensas lluvias de un segundo frente frío en Guatemala y la creciente del río Salinas dejaron inundadas varias viviendas en la comunidad de El Roto Viejo, en la microrregión de Tierra Blanca, en Sayaxché, Petén.

Esta pequeña comunidad de 800 personas, integrada por unas 144 familias, ha tenido que dejar sus casas por que el agua las inundó a tal grado que ya no pueden permanecer en ellas, por lo que han buscado refugio en los albergues habilitados en la zona, en escuelas o iglesias.

Otros tienen sus viviendas en alto y se resguardan ahí de la lluvia que no cesa.

Pese a la emergencia, hay quienes prefieren permanecer en sus casas, para cuidar sus pertenencias, pues lo poco o mucho que posean es el fruto de los esfuerzos logrados por su trabajo. Colocando sus pertenencias en las vigas o en el tabanco como los locales les denominan.

(Continuar leyendo…)

Avispa Midia

Criminalizan a voluntarios de Centro Agroecológico en la UNAM

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Fuente: Avispa Midia

Por Sare Frabes

El Centro Agroecológico Tlacuache Fantasía es un espacio que forma parte de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), en ciudad de México (CDMX), ubicado justo frente al Metro Universidad. Es un espacio donde antes había grandes cantidades de basura y ratas. Desde 2013, diversos voluntarios lo han recuperado. Pero hoy están siendo criminalizados por las autoridades de la universidad y del gobierno de CDMX.

El pasado 2 de octubre, las voluntarias que actualmente forman parte de este espacio recibieron una notificación de la Fiscalía General de la República, requiriendo que María Vargas Hernández, quien había fungido como voluntaria anteriormente, se presente a las autoridades por ocupación de este inmueble.

La notificación está apegada al artículo 395 fracción del Código Penal Federal el cual establece: “Se aplicará la pena de tres meses a cinco años de prisión y multa de cincuenta a quinientos pesos: I. – Al que de propia autoridad y haciendo violencia o furtivamente, o empleando amenaza o engaño, ocupe un inmueble ajeno o haga uso de él, o de un derecho real que no le pertenezca”.

De acuerdo con un comunicado emitido por las activistas de agroecología, quien interpuso la demanda han sido autoridades de la propia Universidad.

“Aclaramos que muchxs voluntarixs han conformado el espacio y que María fungió como voluntaria del espacio de 2020 a 2023, no obstante, no es responsable del proyecto”, aclaran las integrantes del espacio.

(Continuar leyendo…)


(Español) Sin presencia de principales responsables del caso, padres y madres de Ayotzinapa denuncian ante la CIDH obstaculización de la justicia

Sin presencia de principales responsables del caso, padres y madres de Ayotzinapa denuncian ante la CIDH obstaculización de la justicia
Washington DC, 9 de noviembre de 2023.- Frente a la ausencia de autoridades de alto nivel responsables en el esclarecimiento de los hechos del caso de desaparición de estudiantes normalistas de Ayotzinapa, padres y madres de las y los estudiantes presentaron ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) la actualización de los últimos eventos del caso y presentaron solicitudes puntuales, esto durante la audiencia convocada por la CIDH como parte del seguimiento de la medida cautelar 409-14.

Cristina Bautista, madre de Benjamín Ascensio Bautista, y Mario González padre de César Manuel González Hernández, acompañados por representantes de Fundar, Centro de Análisis e Investigación A.C., el Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña “Tlachinollan” y el Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez (Centro Prodh), enfatizaron que a más de 9 años de los hechos aún no han alcanzado verdad ni justicia, ni se conoce el paradero de los estudiantes; por el contrario, se mantiene la obstaculización por parte del Ejército para entregar información relevante para el esclarecimiento de lo ocurrido, no hay claridad en las líneas de investigación y han recibido evasivas de las autoridades. Lo anterior se vio reflejado en la falta de comparecencia en la audiencia de autoridades relevantes en el asunto, como el actual Subsecretario de Derechos Humanos y Presidente de la COVAJ y el actual titular de la Fiscalía Especial para el caso.

“Veo que el Estado no toma en serio el caso Ayotzinapa. El nuevo Fiscal, el nuevo Subsecretario no están presentes. Como padres y madres no nos rendiremos, por el amor de nuestros hijos nos mantenemos de pie”, expresó Cristina Bautista.

Mario González añadió: “Ahora vemos toda la descalificación hacia nosotros, la falta de respeto de no venir los principales [autoridades] para poder hablar con ellos. Un ejemplo de ello es la salida del GIEI, que buscaron tener acceso a una serie de documentos de los Centros Regionales de Fusión de Inteligencia, que podrían contribuir a saber qué pasó con nuestros hijos. Esos documentos tienen muchísima información, son reportes militares, son transcripciones de llamadas entre perpetradores, son pistas. Y no entendemos por qué el Ejército no quiere entregar esa información”.

Junto con sus representantes, los padres presentaron cuatro peticiones puntuales ante las y los comisionados de la CIDH:

1. Dado que se ha informado que el Presidente de la República supervisará directamente las investigaciones, se solicitó que continúe haciendo uso de todos los mecanismos extraordinarios de supervisión de la medida cautelar sobre el caso, incluyendo el acompañamiento a las familias a cada una de las reuniones que se convoquen desde Presidencia.

2. Se concrete un mecanismo técnico de revisión adicional de los archivos castrenses por parte de la CIDH, requiriendo al Estado que informe por escrito si acepta esta propuesta.

3. Que en cuanto se elija a la próxima Comisionada o Comisionado Relator para México se lleve a cabo una visita al país y en particular a la Normal Rural de Ayotzinapa, para que pueda conocer de primera mano el estatus del caso y encontrarse con las familias.

4. Que la CIDH continúe la supervisión de las medidas cautelares en el caso, sin dejar de estar alerta de posibles acciones legales que se puedan iniciar en contra de las víctimas, representantes y funcionarios públicos que han trabajado por esclarecer el caso en los últimos años.

Frente a estas peticiones, la representación del Estado mexicano se limitó a leer una comunicación enviada por el fiscal del caso, Rosendo Gómez Piedra, en donde se dedicó a denostar el trabajo del anterior titular de la Unidad Especial de Investigación y Litigación para el caso Ayotzinapa (UEILCA), así como de la propia CIDH, y no de presentar las líneas actuales de la investigación. La comunicación, además, contuvo afirmaciones preocupantes como la minimización de los efectos perniciosos de la tortura frente a los procesos penales, que derivaron en la libertad de posibles responsables.

Los padres y madres y organizaciones acompañantes lamentaron esta respuesta ya que se da un mensaje de irrespeto a las familias y de una clara intención de eludir la supervisión internacional sobre este caso, como en otros de desaparición en México.

Asimismo, sobre el desmantelamiento de varios mecanismos establecidos para esclarecer los hechos y responsables en el caso —lo que incluye la salida de GIEI del país por falta de condiciones, la posible criminalización del ex fiscal especializado y la incertidumbre sobre el futuro de la COVAJ—, se señalaron dos razones por esos retrocesos institucionales que efectivamente han devuelto el caso al 2018: la politización de las investigación y el empoderamiento del Ejército.

Las y los comisionados señalaron la ausencia de autoridades claves, lo cual limitó la posibilidad de hacer preguntas concretas sobre dónde está hoy el caso Ayotzinapa, en las responsabilidad de preparación, no sólo de líneas de investigación, sino de acciones dirigidas para completar esas líneas, cómo se ha llevado a cabo las investigaciones de los altos mandos, el proceso de órdenes de aprehensión, el otorgamiento de medidas sustitutivas a la prisión preventiva de figuras importantes, entre otros temas.

“Los familiares de personas desaparecidas también son víctimas y llevan 9 años. Y 9 años de sufrimiento y de espera. Yo tengo que decir con mucha franqueza: una justicia que tarda no es justicia. Es una verdad que se demora, por más que hay explicaciones y valoro que den explicaciones, pero me atrevo a decir que si le preguntan a los solicitantes ‘¿qué están esperando?’, es ‘dónde están sus hijos'”, dijo la comisionada Julissa Mantilla. Al tiempo que la Comisionada Esmeralda Troitiño lamentó estar por concluir su mandato sobre México sin que el caso haya sido esclarecido.

Ante los señalamientos de los padres y madres, las organizaciones acompañantes, y ante los cuestionamientos de la Comisión Interamericana, el Estado se comprometió a dar posteriormente respuestas puntuales; mientras que las y los comisionados se comprometieron a dar seguimiento, como lo han hecho durante estos 9 años, desde que sucedieron los hechos.


Pie de Página

(Español) Espejos de Dolor y Resistencia. Gira del CNI y el Frayba por Europa

Sorry, this entry is only available in Mexican Spanish. For the sake of viewer convenience, the content is shown below in the alternative language. You may click the link to switch the active language.

Desde comienzos de septiembre, una delegación del Congreso Nacional Indígena y del Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de las Casas está recorriendo Europa para intercambiar sus dolores, problemáticas y alegrías con otros pueblos del mundo

Texto y fotos: Arturo Landeros

BARCELONA. – Oscar narra el momento en que una comisión encargada de mapear el territorio indígena de su comunidad preguntó a los abuelos, a los mayores del pueblo, sobre cómo debían cartografiar su territorio. La historia se complica cuando los abuelos les contestaron: “hay que comenzar con la Luna”.

La luna marca muchos de los ciclos vitales, agrícolas y espirituales de las comunidades ¿Puede haber territorio sin luna, sin sol, sin cielo? Una capa que cobija a los pueblos por encima de donde se da la reproducción de la vida, donde se siembra para comer, pero donde los cuerpos también son sembrados al morir.

Conocer las dimensiones de la territorialidad que habitan los pueblos y comunidades indígenas es importante para poder defenderla. Oscar despliega un mapa donde se puede ver la República mexicana atravesada por grandes infraestructuras que cortan el territorio. Desde gasoductos como el Texas-Tuxpan-Tula y su continuación hacia el sureste, hasta las diferentes concesiones mineras agazapadas por todo el país, muchas a la espera del pistoletazo de salida.

Pero también hablan de las fosas clandestinas, de los territorios de exterminio, de los campos de tiro y entrenamiento del crimen organizado infiltrado en el territorio, muchos al amparo de las autoridades locales, donde el crimen no es organizado sino autorizado.

De eso, de su vida, dolores y resistencias, han venido al viejo continente Oscar y Amaidaly para hablar con las organizaciones europeas solidarias con México. Desde comienzos de septiembre, una delegación del Congreso Nacional Indígena (CNI) y del Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Bartolomé de las Casas viene recorriendo Europa en una primera fase en la que se han reunido con colectivos e instituciones de una veintena de ciudades en siete territorios: Alemania, Austria, Francia, Suiza, Países bajos, Bélgica y Catalunya.

El objetivo principal es compartir los Espejos de dolor y resistencia que viven los pueblos y comunidades indígenas de México, así como dar seguimiento a la visita de la delegación del CNI que acompañó al EZLN en la Gira por la Vida del 2021. En aquella ocasión varios delegados y delegadas tuvieron presencia en algunas de estas mismas ciudades europeas, presagiando lo que hoy es una situación de incremento de violencia ejercida desde varios sectores hacia los territorios de los pueblos.

La entrada del crimen organizado en Chiapas es una de las situaciones más preocupantes. La violencia ejercida hacia la comunidad zapatista de Moisés Gandhi o el cerco que se vive en Frontera Comalapa y Chicomuselo, todas esas noticias que llegan a Europa y se miran con preocupación. La cooptación forzada de comunidades indígenas que son obligadas a trabajar para esos intereses criminales está provocando una degradación social de gran calado. Aunque también hay motivos para la esperanza, como la heroica defensa de la comunidad nahua de Santa María Ostula frente a los ataques por el control de su territorio frente a las pulsiones externas por convertirlo en campo de operaciones de diferentes actores criminales.

Los delegados del CNI comentan que la forma de contener el avance del crimen y del despojo ha sido el poder mantener cohesionada a la comunidad, en su trabajo organizativo para mantenerse unidos, en sus tradiciones y su espiritualidad, con la solidaridad nacional e internacional. Como pasó en Wirikuta, o como ha ocurrido en Cherán y en otras regiones donde los pueblos son los que han detenido el avance del crimen, no las autoridades ni las fuerzas del orden.

Los megaproyectos son un capítulo aparte. La trama de infraestructuras que recuerdan las intenciones del viejo Plan Puebla Panamá sigue siendo una de las principales amenazas de despojo territorial y cultural, si es que puede haber lo uno sin lo otro. Los polos de desarrollo aparejados al Tren Maya o al Transístmico son un goloso botín. Es ingenuo pensar que estas zonas de crecimiento industrial y urbano no terminará devorando territorios de reserva natural y de las comunidades y pueblos indígenas que los habitan.

A su paso por Europa, la delegación también ha tenido oportunidad de solidarizarse con otros pueblos, como las organizaciones de mujeres del Kurdistán, o con la comunidad palestina de Barcelona en una de las concentraciones por el alto a la guerra, frente a la delegación de la Unión Europea en la ciudad. Han entablado contacto con las organizaciones migrantes y su lucha por regularizar su situación frente a la falta de papeles que les dejen existir. La delegación resalta que la resistencia de los pueblos frente al despojo tiene su Espejo también de este lado del mundo y el valor del internacionalismo y la solidaridad entre los pueblos más allá de las geografías.

Por todo esto, el llamado urgente del CNI y del Frayba es para poner la mirada en los procesos de violencia y despojo que han detectado en los más de 45 pueblos, naciones y tribus que conforman el Congreso Nacional Indígena. Analizar las actividades de las empresas transnacionales que pueden ser cómplices directas o indirectas de esta situación. Pero, sobre todo, poder renovar los vínculos que los pueblos indígenas mexicanos han construido con la Europa insumisa Slumil K’ajxemk’op en los 27 años de existencia del CNI, cumplidos justamente el pasado 12 de octubre, Día de la resistencia y dignidad indígena.

Capitán Insurgente Marcos

EZLN | Sixth Part: Postscript Who Seeks Hoping to Find


November 2023.

P.S. THAT SAYS WHAT IT SAYS. – As one of the late Sups said: “history repeats itself twice: once as a tragedy and the other time as well.” And this axiom of life comes to the point, because I received a package with a small note. No, it is not from SEGALMEX (those export, they do not import). The package has a postmark from “a distant geography”, in distant Europe. The date is blurred, but on the return address appears: “I am not Don Durito de La Lacandona, do not confuse. I’m just an AI entity.” That sentence should have been enough to put me on alert, but anyway I read the note and opened the package. The note is brief and says:

My dear and never missed Cyrano: I will be brief and precise. I’m going over there to help you. Don’t wait for me because I’m going incognito. I still haven’t decided whether I’m dressing up as a cloud or as Bad Bunny or as Luis Miguel or as Al Pacino. In any case, something that allows me to go unnoticed, if you know what I mean. For now, and since it’s stormy, I’m sending you my latest book. That’s all. From a corner in… Slovenia?… hey, what’s the name of this place? Cyprus? Hey? I think I’m going to put “Eastern Europe”… Huh? It’s not that either? Ok, then to hell with the geography up there: “from Fuck The Cardinal Points” Known Address. Zip Code… Hey, what’s the zip code? Huh? 666? Nah, just kidding, right? Right? Can anyone out there confirm that this is a joke? Hello? Hello? Signature: Durito disguised as an AI.

Yes I know. But believe me, when it comes to Durito, this is a brief and precise message. The book has on the cover, does anyone doubt it?, a beetle… in a tuxedo?!, and the very reassuring title «Survival Manual in the Case of World Collapse.» And, further down, “Everything you wanted to know to face the end of the world with style and elegance. Design the ideal outfit for the end of time. Be the sensation in the Apocalypse. Yessss!”

The book in question only has a blank page and a postscript lost in a corner: “LOOK FOR THE ONE WHO ALREADY LIVES THE HELL THAT AWAITS YOU ALL. SEEK THOSE WHO ARE SEEKING”.

P.S. FOR THE SEEKERS. – Before them, we only knew, for example, about the FNCR ladies. But later others appeared, it seems to me that since the six-year term of Vicente Fox. First a few and scattered throughout the geography. Then more. Then in groups. Now, in this entire clandestine graveyard called “Mexico,” they go from one place to another, looking for who they need. There is no one to help or support them. They are alone in the sense that they only have themselves. Yes, there are men too, but the majority are women. No, they are not fashionable. The disappeared do not vote, and that is what it is about. The entire electoral political spectrum, all the electoral flags, all the party acronyms, have already passed through the governments, and the profession of “SEEKER” is growing.

Years ago, in the written procedures, there was a line where “occupation” was written. Typically, women wrote “housewife,” “office worker,” “employee,” “professionist,” “student,” and so on.

The monstrosity of a system has created another occupation: that of “seeker.” Perhaps the most terrible, distressing, painful and anachronistic of all occupations.

Few things are a greater sign of the failure of a political proposal in power than the existence and growth of the SEEKER occupation.

Imagine someone interviews you: “Hey, what do you do?” She answers “I seek.” “And how much do you earn for that job?” «Nothing». “And how do you do it?” “I don’t know, but I know I have to do it. And I have to do it because she/he knows that I will not rest until I find him/her.” “Is there anything you want to tell other people?” “Yes, look at me, I am you in the future if we do nothing.” The reporter starts crying. She is still crying. What about them? Well, they keep seeking.

Meanwhile, someone in the mountains of Southeast Mexico writes:

“To the Seekers:

We had thought of organizing a meeting with you that would not be one of pain, but of joy. You know: dances, songs, poems, movies, plays, children’s drawings, things like that. Not something that relieves you or heals that wound that does not close, but just a celebration, which your fight deserves.

But a nefarious being, one of those that is never absent, wanted to turn that meeting into an electoral lever for the ill-called opposition. Calling for a “critical vote” for Bertha and that nonsense that only serves to get an opportunist into office. That’s why we haven’t done it… yet. We were not going to allow your noble efforts to be tarnished.

But we tell you here what we were going to tell you there: Don’t stop seeking. Those absent people are valuable because of the blood they inherited, which is your own. We do not know those whom you are missing, but we know you and the nobility of your struggle. Don’t give up, don’t sell out, don’t claudicate. Although the horror you face is unfashionable, your cause is just and noble. And no politician can say the same thing. Your stubborn dignity teaches and shows the way. We wish more people would look at you the way we Zapatista people see you: with admiration and respect.

P.S.- In Gaza. – The murdered Palestinian children are not collateral victims, they are Netanyahu’s main objective, they always were. This war is not to eliminate Hamas. It’s to kill the future. Hamas will only be the collateral victim. The government of Israel has already lost the media battle, because it turns out that the genocide, although disguised as revenge, does not have as many followers as they believed. Now it is capable of the most unimaginable cruelty. The one who perhaps could stop the massacre is… the people of Israel.

Cheers and may he who seeks find.

From the mountains of the mexican southeast.

The Captain
November 2023
40, 30, 20, 10 years after.

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